Infectious Disease

Topics: AIDS, Immune system, HIV Pages: 6 (1046 words) Published: March 14, 2015

Infectious Disease
HCA 240
December 7th, 2014
Infectious Disease
Any time our body sustains injury, disease, allergies or illness, we suffer an inflammatory response associated with the cause of the response. Not every disease and illness has an obvious inflammatory response, some are silent killers. The human immunodeficiency virux (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are silent killers. Patients who contract HIV will eventually acquire AIDS. I will describe the inflammatory response related to AIDS and the disease itself, contraction, and environmental factors related to AIDS. The standard and alternative treatments will also be described, along with methods available to control the spread and what can happen if AIDS is left uncontrolled. I will then discuss what the community can do to promote health and wellness to prevent AIDS.

Each and every time one’s body comes in contact with something that affects the body in a negative way. This trigger for inflammation in the body may be an injury, allergy, disease, foreign substance, chemical or poison, environmental factor or illness. Regardless of the cause, an inflammatory response will occur. The inflammatory response consists of the human body’s reaction to any type of irritant that the body needs to reject or defend against. The inflammatory response begins with swelling, pain, redness and an increase in temperature either local to the site or internally. The vascular system is triggered to increase blood flow to the site, a process called hyperemia. Hyperemia is responsible for the redness and fever related to the inflammation. As the rate of blood flow to the site of inflammation occurs, neutrophils line the capillary walls “defending the body against invading microorganisms and speed healing by engulfing cell debris in injured tissues (Zelman, M. Et al., 2010)”. The damage to the tissue triggers the release of histamine which induces the flow of neutrophils and plasma into the inflamed tissue which causes the swelling and pain associated with the inflammatory response.

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS is an infectious disease that affects millions each year. AIDS may be contracted through sexual contact or exchange of bodily fluids, passed from mother to child, or through the shared use of hypodermic needles. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. In HIV and AIDS the CD4 T lymphocytes are affected and the virus multiplies itself within these lymphocytes. “These lymphocytes normally activate B-cell lymphocytes; thus, the body’s immune response is crippled(Zelman, M. Et al., 2010).” This lack of immune response allows the body to be attacked by any infection, tumor or irritant that poses a health risk without a chance of an inflammatory response. Those who suffer with AIDS stand a higher risk of being affected by environmental factors that may not make an otherwise healthy individual ill. Environmental factors that can increase risk of transmission of AIDS include unprotected sexual intercourse, the shared use of hypodermic needles, and receiving medical treatment in a facility or by doctors who are not properly trained and maintain proper safety procedures to prevent contamination from one patient to another. Treatment methods are available for fighting AIDS, most patients will remain on medication for the remainder of their lives. Drug therapies are available to strengthen the immune system and prevent the replication of HIV cells. Although treatments are available, AIDS has no cure. Some patients may opt for a more alternative treatment method such as herbal supplements to increase immune responses and strengthen the body. Experimental drugs are optional for patients, and though these drugs are experimental the patient may or may not benefit from them. Vaccines are not available at this time for HIV or AIDS, but I personally believe that there may eventually a way to prevent HIV, but not a cure. AIDS...

References: Zelman, M., Tompary, E., & Raymond, J. (2010). Human Diseases: A Systemic Approach [University of Phoenix Custom Edition eBook]. : Prentice Hall. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, HCA240 website.
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