Infection: Infectious Disease and Health Protection Agency

Topics: Infectious disease, Fever, Measles Pages: 11 (1875 words) Published: December 5, 2013


SECTION ONE

INTRODUCTION

AND

NOTIFICATION

1. INTRODUCTION AND NOTIFICATION

1.0 INTRODUCTION

The guidance is divided into sections as follows:

Section 1Introduces infection control and explains notification; Section 2deals with general infection control procedures;
Section 3gives guidance on the management of outbreaks;
Section 4describes specific infectious diseases;
Section 5contact numbers and sources of information;
Section 6contains additional detailed information and a table of diseases; Section 7contains risk assessments relevant to infection control; Section 8 research sources, references and useful web sites

Further information is available from the Food Safety Adviser at Leicestershire County Council and from the Health Protection Agency – East Midlands South. Contact numbers are listed in Section 5. The aim of this document is to provide simple advice on the actions needed in the majority of situations likely to be encountered in social care settings. It is written in everyday language and presented so that individual subject areas can be easily copied for use as a single sheet.

1.1 HOW ARE INFECTIONS TRANSMITTED?

1.2 INFECTION CONTROL GUIDANCE

Infection control forms part of our everyday lives, usually in the form of common sense and basic hygiene procedures. Where large numbers of people come in contact with each other, the risk of spreading infection increases. This is particularly so where people are in close contact and share eating and living accommodation.

It is important to have guidelines to protect service users, staff and visitors. Adopting these guidelines and standard infection control practices will minimise the spread of infectious diseases to everyone.

External Factors

If you or someone in your immediate family has a “Notifiable Disease” such as Measles (see 1.3) or infection such as Impetigo, diarrhoea, vomiting or Scabies, please inform your line manager before coming to work.

If you regularly visit people in hospital please be aware of the potential risk of cross infection to yourself and the person you are visiting.

Above all when dealing with service users and their families we must all remember we are dealing with people. There will be personal issues of privacy and sensitivity, which we must handle with tact and discretion at all times.

What are Infection Control Practices?

Infection control practices are ways that everyone (staff, service users & volunteers) can prevent the transmission of infection from one person to another. They are practices which should be routinely adopted, at all times with every individual, on every occasion, regardless of whether or not that person is known to have an infection.

1.2 INFECTION CONTROL GUIDANCE – cont.

include:

1.3 NOTIFICATION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES

A number of infectious diseases are statutorily notifiable under The Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984 and The Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988. There are three main reasons for such notification.

So that control measures can be taken
To monitor preventative programmes
For surveillance of infectious diseases in order to monitor levels of infectious diseases and to detect outbreaks so that effective control measures can be taken.

All doctors diagnosing or suspecting a case of any of the infectious diseases listed overleaf have a legal duty to report it to the Proper Officer of the Local Authority, who is usually the Consultant in Communicable Disease Control based at the Health Protection Agency.

Notification should be made at the time of clinical diagnosis and should not be delayed until laboratory confirmation is received. Infections marked (T) should be notified by telephone to the Consultant in Communicable Disease Control (see Section 5)...
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