Infection caused by bacteria

Topics: Hygiene, Protection, Personal protective equipment Pages: 1 (302 words) Published: December 4, 2013
1. Infections are caused by bacteria, viruses and other microscopic organisms 2. Infection are spread through different means :
Stool
Contact with blood
Sneezing and coughing
Airborne disease
Contaminated objects
Direct physical contact
The methods to reduce the spread of infection
Make sure that everyone clean their hand before and after having the meal, visiting the toilet and changing nappies with soap and water Make sure that all the toys and equipment used for child are safe and clean Throw away food that has gone bad

Keep the surrounding clean
Keep the kitchen neat and tidy
Standard methods of washing hands : hand washing is the best way to prevent germs from spreading and to keep ourselves from getting sick . Good hand washing is the first line of defense against the spread of many illnesses, from the common cold to more serious illnesses such as meningitis, , influenza, hepatitis A, and most types of infectious diarrhoea. Some infections are caught when other people’s dirty hands touch the food we eat. Hands and wrists should be washed with clean soap and water, using a brush if your fingernails are dirty. We should Dry our hands with something clean, such as paper towels or hot air dryers Identify when personal protective equipment should be used : Personal protective equipment (PPE) is special gear which is use to protect the wearer from specific hazards of a hazardous substance. PPE includes gloves, respiratory protection, eye protection, and protective clothing.Gloves should be worn whenever the possibility of skin contact with hazardous chemicals exists. When the possibility of chemical contamination exists, protective clothing, which resists physical and chemical hazards, should be worn.gloves should be changed whenever they become contaminated with the chemical. Make sure to check for pinholes before use, wash or decontaminate gloves before removing, and wash hands after removing.
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