infancy development

Topics: Infant, Motor skill, Child development Pages: 3 (874 words) Published: October 26, 2014

What are the stages of Infancy development?

Throughout the course of an infant's early stages of development there are several factors that can affect the child such as environmental factors which can damage the fetus and interfere with a healthy development of a baby. Infancy development is the early stage in which a baby undergoes its first physical and mental development stages. In this paper you will find how Cognitive and social aspects of development are shaped and molded at an early age, as well as physical changes, language, speech, perception, and motor skills. The reader will understand how the motor, sensory and perceptual skills of infants are developed as they are exposed to a wide range of experiences, with large amounts of opportunity to explore and understand the surroundings all around them. What is Cognitive development? Cognitive development is the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making. A very well know psychologist known as Jean Piaget, states that children progress through a series of four key stages of cognitive development. Each stage is marked by shifts in how kids understand the world. Piaget believed that children are like "little scientists" and that they actively try to explore and make sense of the world around them. How do physical developments advance on an infant? Well during the early stages of physical development newborns have very limited physical skills even though their senses work, but they advance over time and prepare themselves for various situations. The brain and nervous system of an infant develops rapidly during the first 2 years an example of this is throughout the synaptic development. Synaptic development results from growth of both dendrites and axons. During Synaptogenesis which is the formation of synapses between neurons in the nervous system it normally occurs rapidly in the cortex during the first few years after birth, quadrupling the overall...
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