President Roosevelt begins persuading with powerful emotional appeals. He starts by says that the United States was "suddenly and deliberately attacked by the naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan." Surprise attacks are un-heard of in this time period, and to be the victim of one is alarming. By saying "suddenly," Roosevelt is implying that it can again happen without warning. He further shows the deception involved in the attack by saying that "during this time the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the US by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace." President Roosevelt successfully shows the deception and surprise from the Japanese. He is implying that if the Japanese could hit us in Hawaii without warning, then what is preventing them from hitting us anywhere else?
Roosevelt then describes the attack, saying it has resulted in "many American lives lost." Americans take the loss of lives of their citizens as an impulse to seek justice. Roosevelt was banking on this mentality and used his words carefully to draw the people in to the war. A final emotional appeal is made by the president at the conclusion of his speech. He says "Hostilities exist. There is no blinking to the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger." This leaves little room for disagreement among