Industrial Revolution The advantages of industrialization outweigh the disadvantages, because in the 19th century it was the time of the inventions and changes. The most important invention would be the steam engine. The steam engine changed peoples’ lives completely. The steam engine was originally invented by Spanish inventor Jeronimo de Ayanz Beaumont in 1606. Thomas Newcomen developed a true commercial steam engine using a piston in 1712. In 1781, James Watt developed a steam engine that produced continuous rotation motion. Steam engines changed peoples’ lives in an extraordinary way. For example, tractors supplanted various farm laborers. So many people moved to the cities. The cities grew briskly and several buildings were built. Railroad companies constructed their tracks and formed a new kind of traveling. A hygienic invention was the public water closet. Sanitary arrangements were non-existent and many toilets were often referred to as an “earth closet” variety. However, in poorer districts, the solid waste was accumulated in an enormous quantity close to the houses. On the contrary of all the positive aspects I have mentioned there are also some negative aspects. For example, they lived in trifling congested houses. They didn’t have any running water or drains. One room was occupied by nine people. Death and disease were never far away in households as jam-packed as these. In factories they commonly worked women and children, because they were paid less than men. There were no safety arrangements and children often lost their fingers or other extremities. Furthermore, the working session got neither to fairly wages or health care treatment. In conclusion, the industrial revolution was a significant development, but life in this time period was harsh. The advantages outweigh the disadvantages, because it was the start of the modern world.
Cited: http://industrialrevolution.sea.ca/causes.html http://www.saburchill.com/history/chapters/IR/039a.html http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/users/p/pwhmds/indrev.html