Industrialization refers to the development of machine production of goods and new energy resources. Industrialization had many positive and negative effects on the citizens of Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Industrialization had many positive effects on society in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. The creation of power machines and factories provided many new job opportunities. The new machinery increased production speed of good and gave people the ability to transport raw materials. Industrialization also leads to urbanization. Urbanization is the movement of people into cities and city building. Citizens wanted to live closer to the factories that they worked at. The Western World went from rural and agricultural to urban industrial.
The inventions of railroads dramatically revolutionized life in Britain. The railroads gave manufacturers a cheap way to transport their products. Fresh food could also be delivered to distant towns. The railways also gave people opportunities to travel. Traveling meant that people met people from other cities, which resulted in long distance relationships and marriages. Time standards, newspapers and mail systems were also invented. The Railways helped Europe modernize in many significant ways. Machines such as the cotton gin, water frame, power loom, and spinning jenny allowed textile products to be produced in mass quantities. There was a great demand for cotton and the request for it surpassed the amount that could be produced until spinning machines were invented to keep up with the demand. The most well known cotton related invention was Eli Whitney’s cotton gin, invented in 1793. This machine removed seeds from raw cotton quickly and cheaply.
Despite its many positive effects, industrialization had a negative impact on Europe too. Urban areas doubled, tripled, or quadrupled in size that led to over crowding in cities. Sometimes a large population is a good thing, but in this case the population