Industrialisation and Global Warming

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INDUSTRIALIZATION

Industrialisation :The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services. Individual manual labour is often replaced by mechanized mass production and craftsmen are replaced by assembly lines. . It is a part of a wider modernisation process, where social change and economic development are closely related with technological innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale production.

The world has moved from an agrarian society to industrialized society and further to post-industrialized society. In the 21st century we are rather in the post industrialized state or second wave of advanced industrialization.

Man and Machine Interaction

In the post industrialized society man cannot imagine his life without machines. There is no area of modern man’s life that is not touched by machines. In an industry, quality of interaction between man and machine affects productivity. This is because in today’s industry machine and workers share the same workplace and to some extent work together. At times the worker needs to just give commands and control the functioning of machines, at other times a worker might just play the role of a catalyst in starting the operation of the machine and in a completely automated factory a worker hardly has a role to play.

In the earlier years man made machines to increase his capacity. But in today’s world of growing automation, machine is mimicking specific body parts of man for example – a crane works like his fingers, a shovel like a full arm, computer memory can retain unlimited facts and information. There are robots which can do multiple taske like cleaning, washing etc.

Problems of Man-machine Interaction:

Machines have undoubtedly invaded our daily and professional life. That is a fact. Consequently,
This has led to questions and fears for people. It is usual to hear on

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