Industrial Revolution DBQ

Powerful Essays
Prompt:
Access the validity of the following statement:
"Conditions in the United States were ripe for an industrial revolution in the early 1800's."

"Reaping What You Sow":
The American Industrial Revolution

"The economy of the United States before the War of 1812 was largely shaped by geography..." says Arnold S. Rice. Under Henry Clay's American system, canals, railroads, and public education paramounted past internal improvements. (Doc B). The inventions oriented towards textile and locomotion sparked more invention and more production. Society, itself, conformed to the factory system and consolidated into industrial communities. In short, the early 1800s presented an unprecedented abundance of fuel for an industrial revolution
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(Doc B). British Parliament, still bitter over the loss of American colonies, recommended, "to stifle in the cradle, those rising manufacturers in the United States, which war has forced into existence, contrary to the natural course of things." They attempted to execute this plan by flooding American soil with inexpensive British manufactured goods. New England textile mills, Pennsylvania iron-smelters, hemp-growers of Kentucky, the wool-growers of Ohio and Vermont, and "an assortment [not the majority, however] of Southerners and Westerners who hoped to promote industry or to expand their domestic market…" knew that the British industry would crush the fragile industries is action were not put in place. (Doc D). President Thomas Jefferson, unwittingly, began what modern historians define as the beginning of the American Industrial Revolution. Jefferson supported and passed into law the widely unpopular Embargo Act, effectively cutting off America from the rest of the world. With little manufactured products being imported, Americans turned to the infant American industry. The War of 1812 further stimulated this growing sector of US economy, but after the Treaty of Ghent, the American industry had little protection from the already developed British industry. President John Quincy Adams, urged by Congress and Clay, signed into law the Tariff of 1828, later know as the Tariff of Abominations. In response to this, John C. Calhoun, Adams's Vice-President, secretly wrote the "South Carolina Exposition and Protest" calling for the nullification of this tariff, but it was met with little enthusiasm, and set the state for the "Nullification Crisis of 1832". During this crisis, South Carolina blamed the drop of cotton prices on

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