Industrialization of the 19th Century in America
May 3, 2014
Over the course of time, the country of America has changed in many ways. Towards the end of the 19th century, a significant change took place in the fundamental structure of the economy. That change was industrialization. During this time period, the United States of America changed from a large, agricultural country, to an urban industrial society. The process of industrialization began to take place in America, and eventually took over the economy during this period. Entrepreneurs and inventors put together various machines and businesses to help better the country function on a day-to-day basis. The advantages that industrialization did for America speak for themselves. From industrialization came the urban movement, known as urbanization. Through urbanization, the country was able to flourish and a boost of overall income in the country took place. The urbanization movement was a direct result of the inventions and innovations that took place during this time period. Also, the economy and technological advances in America were tremendous. There were plenty of positives that industrialization brought to the table, but it also brought some negatives. The entrepreneurs definitely benefited from industrialization and were rewarded significantly with money. The people that took advantage of this “boom” pretty much have taken what the entrepreneurs did for granted. Some other negative results of industrialization were the assortment of social and political problems that surfaced as a result of industrialization. I would say that the good things outweighed the bad things in terms of industrialization and that this movement in the late 19th century is very similar to the globalization movement that is going on today. Industrialization led to urbanization and the boost in overall income and technology of the country, while entrepreneurs were basically taken for granted and political problems were prevalent in the country more than ever.
Industrialization was a very big part of the development of the United States of America. Society constantly is changing, but during this period, society changed significantly. The industrialization movement was on the rise in the late 19th century and the entrepreneurs and innovators that grasped the concept of industrializing the economy really helped to better society. So many different inventions came from industrialization, like cars, trains and the boom of factories. More importantly, the inventions of mass transit led to urban growth. “The list of cities of the late-nineteenth- and earliest-twentieth-century America grew as populations flocked to the centers of industrial activity”, (Hughes & Cain, 2011, p. 355). People were moving out of the rural areas, into the urban areas. This movement was also doable because of the inventions of mass transit. Public transportation to the urban areas helped to produce these suburbs. People were able to go to and fro with ease, leading to the expansion of America. Also, the industrialization movement led to the growth of the economy in America. The boost of the economy helped to the opportunity for inventors and entrepreneurs to develop their creations. For example, “improvements in agricultural machinery, steam threshing ,and better reapers and harvesters kept agricultural machinery a growing industry as the Midwest wheat and corn economy expanded”, (Hughes & Cain, 2011, p. 347).
There were also some negatives that came about from industrialization. As was stated earlier, entrepreneurs were rewarded the most during this time period, but most people have taken them for granted. In the textbook, it says, “Since successful entrepreneurs tended to be famous and wealthy, they were the butt of acid commentary and ridicule. Today their descendants are venerated,” (Hughes & Cain, 2011, p. 356). It is a shame that most people...
References: Hughes, J., & Cain, L. (2011). American Economic History. Pearson Education.
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