During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries Great Britain became the first country to industrialize. It changed the way in which many products, including cloth and textiles were manufactured, but all that farming was the main livelihood of most citizens. In fact, three quarters of Britain's population lived in the countryside and farming was the predominant occupation. Overall, life was pretty hard. People worked on farms and had to use their own strength to plough their fields and harvest their crops. They lived and often worked as a family, doing everything by hand. It was very hard to keep in touch with people in other parts of the country, news was spread by travellers or through messengers and goods was distributed largely within the locality in which they were produced.
Children of poor and working-class families had worked for centuries before industrialization they took care of the animals in the barns or in the fields planting seeds, pulling weeds and picking the ripe crop, helping around the house or assisting in the family’s enterprise when they were able to. Education was poor and mostly reserved for the rich who could employ private tutors. There were schools and universities but again, these were reserved for the wealthy.
The industrial revolution brought a massive change in the people’s lifestyle. Because of the invention of machinery, it reduced the need for people to work on farmland so many citizens moved to the cities to get accommodation and a job. Also Agricultural Revolution had led to enclosures of land. (Charles Townshend introduced a new method of crop rotation, however this new and more efficient process required large open areas of land) many people either could no longer earn a living from the country or were being kicked of the land. The small farms that used to support most people were replaced by large farms belonging to a smaller number of landowners. The small farmers were driven out to look