Industrial Revolution

Topics: Industrial Revolution, Social class, Europe / Pages: 6 (1279 words) / Published: Dec 11th, 2013
Comparing and Contrasting the French and Industrial Revolutions
The French Revolution and Industrial Revolution were both times of great change. The Industrial Revolution lasted over 100 years while the French Revolution lasted just over fifteen. Even though the two revolutions are very different in length, they have many similarities. In this paper I'm going to tell you four them and four differences.
These two revolutions were the same in that both allowed for social mobility; both left behind new ideas, inventions, and political ideas when they finished; both gave more rights to the commoners by the time they ended; and both had an impact on Great Britain.
Before the French Revolution, France had a very rigid social structure. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Estates made up the classes. The 1st Estate was the clergy, or church. It was divided into the upper clergy - bishops, archbishops, and the like, and the lower clergy - priests and monks who actually taught God's word out in the country. This class made up 1% of France's population. The 2nd Estate was the nobility, the people of title. They made up 2% of France's population. The 3rd Estate was the lower class who constituted 97% of the population. It was made up of the burgeois - merchants, skilled and educated laborers; the Proletariat - workers who were skilled or unskilled; and the Peasants, who were tied to the land like indentured servants. The upper two classes had all the wealth and rights, while the 3rd Estate had no money or rights and they couldn't get them no matter what they did or how hard they tried. After the Revolution the French had laws from the Napoleonic Code like the abolishment of an absolute monarchy and the placement of all men as equals before the law. These reforms helped allow social mobility. Before the Industrial Revolution people were born into their social position. As the Industrial Revolution progressed people became able to move up the social ladder through their skills and

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