The industrial revolution (between 1750 and 1914) brought upon colossal change; people started to discover faster more efficient ways of producing goods. This growth in production led to new product ideas, new transportation methods, and more factory jobs (Stearns, 2010). Industrialization was built on the idea of capitalism and involved risky investments that proved to have a high return. New businesses forms emerged through expanded joint-stock companies and banks to help mobilize the rising capital.
There was also a growth in the population due to the agricultural revolution and urbanization took place (Mokyr, 2007). This was not all good. Sickness and disease was very common due to pollution and poor irrigation/plumbing systems. This was a problem that was solved because of invention during the industrial revolution improving the quality of life and the life expectancy.
Science and technology are really the key successes to the industrial revolution. One example of this is the invention of the steam engine by James Watt (Stearns, 2010). This literally changed everything and paved the way for the invention of new equipment. The steam engine was used in boats and factories. The engines in boats allowed for new discoveries of raw material. This was prevalent in Africa where the Europeans could now travel through rivers that were before
References: Stearns, P. N. (2010). World history in brief, volume 2, major patterns of change and continuity: Since 1450. (7th ed., Vol. 2, pp. 337-416). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson College Div. Mokyr, J. (2007). The european enlightenment, the industrial revolution, and modern economic growth. (Master 's thesis)Retrieved from http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~jmokyr/Florence-Weber.PDF