Industrial Engineers: in Demand in the Society

Topics: Industrial engineering, Engineering, Lillian Moller Gilbreth Pages: 25 (6865 words) Published: October 22, 2008
ABSTRACT

The Industrial engineering (IE) is about choices. Other engineering disciplines apply skills to very specific areas. Industrial engineering gives you the opportunity to work in a variety of businesses. The Industrial Engineering field has developed an infinite number of ways to reduce assembly time. For example, using "key-ways" to mark the proper orientation of a part reduces errors and the subsequent time to correct them. As companies adopt management philosophies of continuous productivity and quality improvement to survive in the increasingly competitive world market, the need for industrial engineers is growing. Industrial engineers are the only engineering professionals trained as productivity and quality improvement specialists. The need for industrial engineers is growing. Many people are misled by the term "industrial engineer". The "industrial" does not mean just manufacturing. It encompasses service industries as well. It has long been known that industrial engineers have the technical training to make improvements in a manufacturing setting. Now it is becoming increasingly recognized that these same techniques can be used to evaluate and improve productivity and quality in service industries. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, physiological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments. The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to sick continues improvement. Thus, industrial engineering is utilized to help organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and extreme line costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work c loosely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, related business principles and practices is needed. Human factors and work systems combines the traditional areas to work measurement and design with the analysis and evaluation of the human element, which includes the physiological and psychological considerations in designing products and work systems. Designing the admissions procedure at a hospital includes in projects of industrial engineers from surgery studies, assessments, and redesign in the surgery department. Onsite hospital visits, which include observations and interviews to understand the flow of patients through operating rooms, are conducted to help surgeons and anesthetists understand their own efficiency levels. Anybody who needs surgery studies, assessments, redesign in the surgery department includes in projects of industrial engineers. Effective layouts are based on flow of materials being produced or conditioned. As the number and diversity of parts or products increase, the complexity of flow analysis grows and the methods of analysis change. In the materials handling and plant layout go hand in hand. It is seldom possible to plan or change one without affecting other. People at work experience physical stress related to repetitive manual jobs, such as stuffing envelopes. The problems experienced are caused by the repetitive motions, uncomfortable postures that must be achieved and held for a long period of time and having to grasp something too forcefully. The time and motion study can find out how much physical stress workers are exerting so it can be controlled The Gilbreth System of Therbligs broke important ground in the study of work and work methods. Indeed, with the addition of two Therbligs (Hold and Plan) and the elimination of one (Find), the system remains relatively unchanged from when they first developed it. But the Gilbreth’s...

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Wikipedia (2008, February 28)
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