Industrial Boom

Topics: Rail transport, Industrial Revolution, Immigration to the United States Pages: 3 (1075 words) Published: November 1, 2014

Mackenzie Miers

Honors English

14 December 2013

The Causes of the Industrial Boom

Before 1860, the United States was known as an agricultural based nation. The United States had so much land that could be cheaply bought, labor work was too costly, and products could not be shipped quick enough. For the United States, being a farming community simply made more sense. While over in Europe, especially England, industrial factories were booming immensely. Except there was a great light of industry heading towards the United States, and it was coming fast. Soon enough the United States would be entering a new era, the Industrial Boom. New transportation options, rapid immigration, and new mechanical developments played major parts in this explosion that changed the United States, and the world.

The railroad business was not popular before the late eighteen hundreds. It was seen as expensive and out of the way, until there were developments that made the railroad system more efficient. Before the Industrial Boom, the tracks gauges were all different sizes throughout the United States. People fixed this problem by creating a standard distance for the gauges, which was six feet, according to Pamela E. Mack. After this the shocking jump in the miles of railroad tracks in the United States can be clearly seen in Document 2. When the Bessemer Process was created, which made steel stronger and cheaper, it decreased costs for the railroad by as much as eighty-five percent (History of the United States Industrialization and reform 1870-1916). Another new innovation was gasoline, and how it could be used as a new source to power the trains. People like Cornelius Vanderbilt found even more ways to cut expenses for the railroad industry and make more tracks. Industries were able to use the trains to transport their goods at a fast pace. Time is money in the different industries of the time, so at the fast pace that the railroads moved was fantastic...
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