Industrial Agrarian Revolution Notes
- before life expectancy was 20-30
- Education was a privilege not a right
- no sewage systems
- 80% of pop. was farmers
- Enclosure Acts!
- Cheeper food
- small scale farmers had to move to towns and cities to seek jobs
- city pop. rose
- farming less difficult
- farming: Survival > Business
- 1750 ~15% lived in towns
- 1850 ~50% lived in towns
- 1880 ~80% lived in towns
The population explosion:
The social and economic effect of the industrial revolution:
- wealth and power to Great Britain throughout the 19th century
- 80% of society was working class
- workers could not get higher wages, better working conditions or better working hours
- workers could not use the democratic political system to fight for rights and reforms
- 1799 and 1800, the British Parliament passed the Combination Acts, it was illegal to ask for in big groups, bigger wages, better working conditions and/or better working hours
- safety hazards were plenty
- workers spent all the light of day working. when returning home they had little energy and light to play sports and spend time with loved ones
- pre-industrial society, over 80% of people lived in rural areas
- In the first half of the 19th century, urban overcrowding, poor diets, poor sanitation, and essentially medieval medical remedies all contributed to very poor public health for the majority of
- Cholera, tuberculosis, typhus, typhoid, and influenza were the main 5 diseases that killed some the country’s poor population
- 25 to 33% of children dies before their 5th birthday
- Improved farming methods appears to be one of the causes of the population explosion that occurred in 1750 and 1800.
- In 1750 the population was 6 million that had expanded to 40 million by 1900.
- The population living in towns increased from 20% to 50%
- improved farming methods lead to more food produced at a lower price encouraged by enclosure of agricultural land.