1. Explain the Social-Political System of the early Roman Republic in specific detail. (40 points):
The patricians were the wealthy landowners and office holders, of noble background. While the plebeians were the farmers, artisans, traders, they could vote but cannot run for office. Last but not least are the slaves they were mostly prisoners of war, they were not consider citizens or had rights.
2. What were some of the many problems the Romans faced
as a result of their growing empire? Explain. (40
Some problems that they faced were, there were many public health and environmental problems. One of the most difficult problems was choosing a new emperor. During the latter years of the empire farming was done on large estates called latifundia that were owned by wealthy men who used slave labor. A farmer who had to pay workmen could not produce goods as cheaply. The roman economy suffered from inflation (an increase in prices) beginning after the reign of Marcus Aurelius.
3. If the Roman Senators assassinated Julius Caesar for
being too powerful how did Caesar Augustus avoid
assassination? (20 points).:
To avoid Caesar’s fate, Augustus charmed the Senate and the people by pretending to give up power. But a series of disasters panicked Romans. They became convinced that only he could save them and begged the Senate to vote him absolute ruler. Augustus agreed, but did so cleverly. He convinced Romans that he was ruling in the best traditions of the republic, but actually was an absolute ruler creating a dynasty. The Romans bought it.
Who was the Roman Emperor when Jesus was born? Who was
Roman Emperor when Jesus was crucified?
Caesar Augustus was emperor when Jesus was born and Tiberius was emperor when he was crucified.