South Asian Studies A Research Journal of South Asian Studies Vol. 26, No. 1, January-June 2011, pp. 131-151
Development in Indo-Israel Defence Relations Since 9/11: Pakistan’s Security Concern and Policy Options Zahid Ali Khan University of Balochistan, Quetta
ABSTRACT In the post 9/11 scenario, bilateral relations between India and Israel in general, and, their defense relations in particular, have strengthened tremendously. The most striking commonality is their perception of Pakistan as their common enemy and a main obstacle, impeding the realization of their ambitions. India needs the friendship and cooperation of Israel in maintaining qualitative and quantitative superiority of defence capabilities over its enemy, Pakistan. For India, friendship of Israel would make her more powerful and strong to play an effective and significant role in the South Asia, Central Asia, and West Asia with a sole object to undermine the rising influence of Pakistan in these regions. Israel is primarily interested in a meaningful and constructive relations with India not because of its huge market for Israel’s defense industry, but to suppress Pakistan’s strong commitment to help the Middle Eastern states against Tel Aviv. It apprehends that Pakistan’s nuclear program can be a source of strength for the Arab world, and Iran (Israel’s worse and bitter adversaries).The emerging Delhi-Jerusalem- defence collaboration poses major challenges to the security and territorial integrity of Pakistan. Such relationship has the potential to make a significant impact on global politics by altering the balance of power, not only in South Asia but also in the entire Asian continent.
Israel, India, Defence Relations, Nuclear Deal, Pakistan’s Concerns.
Since its independence, India’s relations with Israel were not good and friendly. Two factors were mainly responsible for divergence in their relations: India’s proArab attitude and its strong commitment to the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) which created rift and division between these two countries. In 1992 a significant diplomatic change occurred, when India and Israel established full diplomatic relations which reached new heights under the successive Indian governments headed by BJP (1998-2004). Since India and Israel have established enduring and exemplenery partnership, for furthering their defense and security cooperation, the two states are also making concerted attempts to diversify this relationship. The 131
South Asian Studies 26 (1) emergence of India and Israel, as industrialized and technologically-advanced states, especially, in the post 9/11 period makes their cooperation more meaningful, possitive and productive. Both are pursuing their common hegemonic agendas of ‘Greater Israel’ and ‘Akhand Bharat’, since their inception. Both the countries have an oppressive attitude and hostility towards their neighbors and, both have forcibly occupied areas beyond their geographical borders. The importance of friendly relationship between Israel and India emanates from the nature of Israeli foreign policy, which seeks consistently to invest in an international climate and conditions that serve Israel's national goals, especially, those concerning the Arab-Israel conflict. India, on the other hand, desires to update its military technology, but more importantly, to enhance its military capabilities towards Indian national goals, especially, in the view of tackling Indian tensions with Pakistan. For India, the growing nuclear arsenal of Pakistan and its support to the people of Kashmir and different parts of India pose serious challenges. Israel, on the other hand is uncomfortable with the idea of a nuclear Pakistan. In the case of Israel, the nuclear capability of Pakistan and its support to Palestinian extremists poses a threat to its security. Moreover, Indo-Israel Joint military exercises and their Joint ventures in the field of defense and security would...
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Dr. Zahid Ali Khan is Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations at University of Balochistan, Quetta. _______________________________________
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