Individual Psychology Theory

Topics: Psychology, Alfred Adler, Sigmund Freud Pages: 4 (1239 words) Published: June 27, 2011
Individual Psychology Theory

Individual Psychology Theory
Alfred Adler deviated from the Psychotherapy beliefs of Sigmund Freud in 1911 and this set his own school of thought apart. He created his own school of thought called “Alderian Psychology”. Feud believed “sexual processes have an indispensable organic foundation and that without considering the sexual processes, a medical man can only feel ill-at-ease in the light of the psyche” along with most thought processes as being subconscious, (Ansbacher & Huber, 2004). Alder, on the other hand, focused more on the conscious thought and the importance of social urges versus sexual urges, (Cervone & Pervin, 2010).

Elder believed every individual experienced insecurities and therefore compensated for them. No one was exempt from this. His belief system states that individuals are motivated by their insecurities to compensate for them constantly. “Compensatory strivings reflect will to power, that is, the individual’s efforts to be a powerful, effective social being by coping with inferiorities and feelings of helplessness”, (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Influence on Personality and Behaviors

Adler’s theory helps me to view people in a more socially driven way and I have always felt those drives in my own life as well. He emphasizes that people have an innate need for social interest to relate and cooperate with others. Also, there are different variations of how these social drives can motivate people. “In neurotic form, strivings for superiority may be expressed in efforts to exert power and control over others. In healthier form, a person experiences an “upward drive” toward unity and perfection. In the healthy person the striving for superiority is expressed in social feeling and cooperation as well as in assertiveness and competition”, (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). In Society

Adler’s belief system helps me view personalities and behaviors in society in an outward way. I am able to perceive situations...

References: Ansbacher, H. L., & Huber, R. (2004). Adler--Psychotherapy and Freud. The Journal of Individual Psychology, 60(4), 333-337. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Cervone, D. & Pervin, L. A.(2010). Personality: Theory and research (11th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Vaughan, W. F. (1927). The psychology of Alfred Adler. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 21(4), 358-371. doi:10.1037/h0068938
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