Conflict, stress & change Individual behavior at work Ability
What is Personality?
Traits & types
The big five factors
Slefl & self-image
Personality & work behavior Perception
What is personality?
Personality is the total pattern of characteristic ways of thinking, feeling and behaving that constitute the individual’s distinctive method of relating to the environment.
Debate about how far the factors of heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) influence personality. There are two main approaches. 1. The nomothetic approach- personality is more or less fixed & various aspects of personality (traits) are the same from individual to individual. Individuals possess selection of these traits, which tend to go together in compatible trait clusters, effectively dividing people into personality types.
2. The ideographic approach-individualizes. Personality develops through interaction with the environment (experience) & in accordance with how the individual sees himself. Personality form therefore be studied only as a picture of a particular individual at a particular time.
The Big Five Factors (OCEAN)
The Big Five Factors
The facets that make up each factor Imagination
Openness to experiencedescribes an individual’s proactive Artistic interests seeking & appreciation of
emotions experience for its own sake
Adventurousn ess Intellect
Conscientiousness- describes how organized, motivated & thorough an individual is in life & in pursuing goals.
Resourcefulnes s Achievement striving Sense of duty
Extraversion-describes how energetic & enthusiastic a person is –especially when dealing with people Friendliness
Cheerfulness seeking Agreeableness- describes a person’s attitudes towards other people Trust