INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR AT WORK

Powerful Essays
INDIVIDUAL
BEHAVIOR AT
WORK

Personality
Conflict, stress & change Individual behavior at work Ability
&
aptitude

What is Personality?
Traits & types
The big five factors
Slefl & self-image
Personality & work behavior Perception
Attitude

What is personality?
Personality is the total pattern of characteristic ways of thinking, feeling and behaving that constitute the individual’s distinctive method of relating to the environment.
Debate about how far the factors of heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) influence personality. There are two main approaches. 1. The nomothetic approach- personality is more or less fixed & various aspects of personality (traits) are the same from individual to individual. Individuals possess selection of these traits, which tend to go together in compatible trait clusters, effectively dividing people into personality types.
2. The ideographic approach-individualizes. Personality develops through interaction with the environment (experience) & in accordance with how the individual sees himself. Personality form therefore be studied only as a picture of a particular individual at a particular time.

The Big Five Factors (OCEAN)
The Big Five Factors

The facets that make up each factor  Imagination
Openness to experiencedescribes an individual’s proactive  Artistic interests seeking & appreciation of
 emotions experience for its own sake

 Adventurousn ess  Intellect
 liberalism

Conscientiousness- describes how organized, motivated & thorough an individual is in life & in pursuing goals.

 Resourcefulnes s  Achievement striving  Sense of duty

 Self-discipline
 Orderliness
 Cautiousness

Extraversion-describes how energetic & enthusiastic a person is –especially when dealing with people  Friendliness
 Activity level
 Gregariousness  Assertiveness
 Excitement
 Cheerfulness seeking Agreeableness- describes a person’s attitudes towards other people  Trust
 Morality
 Altruism

 Co-operation
 Modesty

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