Indira Gandhi's Biography

Topics: Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian National Congress Pages: 5 (1812 words) Published: April 5, 2013
Indira Gandhi’s biography

Indira Gandhi was born on the 19th of November in 1917 in Allahabad. She was part of the Nehru Family. Indira Gandhi's dad was Jawaharlal Nehru and her mom was Kamla Nehru. Her grandfather, Motilal Nehru, was a Indian nationalist leader. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a important person in the independent movement of India. In 1934–35, after finishing school, Indira went to Shantiniketan, a school invented by Rabindranath Tagore. Then, she went to England and sat for the University of Oxford entrance examination, but she failed.Then spent a few months at Badminton School in Bristol, before passing the test, and going to Somerville College, Oxford where she never finished. Khushwant Singh, one of her friends, said that she felt uncomfortable around educated people because she had no real education. When she was in the UK, she Dated Feroze Gandhi, she knew him from Allahabad, and he was learning at the London School of Economics. The marriage was in Allahabad.She went back to India in 1941. In the 1950s, she worked for her father as a personal assistant while he was serving his fist term of Prime Minister of India. After her father died in 1964 she was a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri's cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. The Congress Party President K. Kamaraj was helpful in making Indira Gandhi the Prime Minister. Gandhi then showed she could win elections and outsmart others. She led India as Prime Minister during the win of East Pakistan over Pakistan in 1971 war and creation of an independent Bangladesh. She imposed a state of emergency in 1975. Congress Party and Indira Gandhi herself lost the next general election for the first time in 1977. Indira Gandhi led the Congress back to victory in 1980 elections and Gandhi resumed the office of the Prime Minister. In June 1984, under Gandhi's order, the Indian army attacked the Golden Temple, the most sacred Sikha Gurdwara, to get armed insurgents inside the temple. Gandhi invited the Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to Shimla for a week summit. After the near-failure of the talks, the two leaders signed the Shimla Agreement, which made the two countries resolve the Kashmir dispute by peaceful means. Due to her not liking Nixon, relations with the United States were getting smaller, while relations with the Soviet Union got bigger. She was criticized by some people for not making the Line of Control a permanent border while a few people even believed that Pakistan-administered Kashmir should have been taken from Pakistan, whose 93,000 prisoners of war were in India. But the removed United Nations and third party from interfering, and reduced the likelihood of Pakistan launching an attack. By not demanding total capitulation on a big problem from Bhutto, she allowed Pakistan to relax back to normal. Trade relations were also relaxing, though a bunch of contact remained frozen for years. Gandhi carried out the vision of Jawarharalal Nehru, former Premier of India to make the program. Gandhi gave authorization of developing nuclear weapons in 1967, in response to the Test No. 6 by People's Republic of China. Gandhi saw this test as Chinese nuclear threat, therefore, Gandhi promoted the views of Nehru to make India's stability and security interests as in control from those with the nuclear superpowers. The program became big in 1974, when dr. Raja Ramanna said to Gandhi that India can test the first nuclear weapon. Gandhi told him this test was ok, and they were made in a long army base. In 1974, India successfully made an underground nuclear test, named "Smiling Buddha", near the desert village of Pokhran in Rajasthan. As the world was quiet by the test, a protest came from Pakistan. fighting was raised in Pakistan, Pakistan's Prime minister Zulfi Ali Bhutto described this test as "Indian hegemony" to scare Pakistan. Gandhi made a letter to Bhutto and, later to the...
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