Indigenous People and Wwii

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| Cierra Alvear | MAS10B / Section 1 | | Portfolio 1
Covarrubias/ Cruz | 03/18/13 |

Section 1: 1900-1930 C. How did the Great Depression affect Mexican Americans differently than other Americans? Explain the multiple impacts endured by the Mexican Americans.

After WWI money was being spent three times the rate of tax collection and soon the government began to cut spending in the 1920’s. This then resulted in the Great Depression. The Great Depression was a massive economic crisis that was held over a period of ten years, 1923-1939. With the Great Depression hardships began to rise, unemployment sky rocketed, and for Mexican-Americans, things got unbearable. During the Great Depression Mexican-Americans, unlike white Americans, were faced with hysteria and deportation (illegal and lawful), false accusations, segregation, and extreme loss of jobs. While all Americans suffered during the Great Depression, Mexican-Americans suffered tremendously more. Mexican immigrants and Mexican- American Citizens constantly lived in fear of deportation during the Great Depression. In 1924 Labor Appropriation Act established the Mexicans and Mexican Americans were made to feel as if they didn’t belong in the United States. As the economy began to fall into a deeper depression, Mexican, citizens or not, were being deported at a rapid pace. At times women and their children were forced on buses and shipped off to Mexico, miles away from civilization. They were forced to walk hundreds of miles and were separated from their families for years on end (Acuna, 194). Now, if this was done to white Americans, it would be considered cruel and injustice but for Mexicans it was allowed. That alone is an example of how unfairly Mexicans were treated and deported with no warning. Another factor that led to the massive deportation of Mexicans, and Mexican American citizens was the Repatriation Act of 1929. This law was set in “mute” and allowed the process to return a



Cited: Acuna , Rodolfo. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos. 7th. New York: Pearson, 2011. Print. Covarrubias, Jesus. Lectures: January- March 2013. Cruz, Maria. Lectures: January- March 2013. Ruiz, Vicki L. From Out of the Shadows. tenth anniversary edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998, 2008. Print.

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