Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders

Topics: Indigenous Australians, Indigenous peoples, Torres Strait Islands Pages: 6 (1656 words) Published: October 18, 2014
EDC 2200 Indigenous studies
Assignment 1 1500 words

Introduction 100 – 150 words
Background eg a sentence to give the reader what the essay is about. Roadmap of whats in the body of essay.
Demonstrate an argument.
Example intro:
Colonisation has impacted profoundly on indigenous communities worldwide and this essays examines and details some of those impacts. Initially, the concept of colonisation will be explained, including the forces that were driving the colonisation and the usual ways it was achieved. At a general level, the ideologies underpinning the colonisers’ interactions with indigenous peoples will also be described. A comparison will then be made between the experiences of colonisation for Aboriginal peoples of Australia and the experiences of colonisation for the Torres Strait Islander peoples. In particular, the issue of dispossession from land and/or culture will be analysed, as well as the effect of Christianity. As a result, it will be argued that Christianity was generally an oppressive force for Aboriginal peoples, whereas for Torres Strait Islanders, Christianity was easily integrated with traditional beliefs. My introduction

Colonisation has profoundly impacted the indigenous people of countries all around the world, and although the experiences differ locally, it has in most instances caused them much suffering. This essay will examine some of the impacts of colonisation on the indigenous communities. The concept of colonisation will firstly be explained, and then this essay will discuss who was doing the colonising, when this was happening, why they were doing this, and the usual ways that colonisation was achieved. The underlying ideologies of colonisation will be examined, and how these ideologies then informed the interactions between non-indigenous and indigenous peoples. This essay will then compare the effects of colonisation on the Aboriginal peoples of Australia and the Torres Strait Islander peoples. The disposession of land, sovergnty and culture will be examined, and the effects of the terra nullius claim of mainland Australia in comparison to the annexation of the Torres Strait Islanders. In particular, the effect of Christianity will be examined and how and why it was implemented differently and consequentially with contrasted results. It will be argued that Christianity was generally an oppressive force for Aboriginal peoples, wheras for Torres Strait Islanders Christianity was easily integrated with traditional beliefs.

Part 1
Part 1 Most indigenous peoples worldwide have suffered as a result of colonisation, although at a local level experiences will differ. At a general level, how the ideologies underpinning colonialism have informed interactions between non-indigenous and indigenous peoples. What is colonisation?

Who was doing the colonisation? Britain france ntetherlands spain ds etc When were they doing this?
Why were they doing it? The acquisition of wealth and power land. What laws/understandings prevailed? Colonisation could occur as a result of claiming unoccupied land or Wars/treaties. How did the idea of colonisation then influences the interaction with indigenous peoples. How the ideologies underpinning colonialism have informed interactions between non-indigenous and indigenous peoples. Scientific racism, social Darwinism. Classic liberalism. Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution which was strictly about biology was applied by Herbert spencer and others to try to explain society. This social Darwinism is based on the ideology that there is hierarchy of races. Another term for this ideology is scientific racism. Classic liberalism is all about freedom for the individual, freedom to persue self interest. Adam Smith in the 1850’s thinking that if people are allowed to peruse self interest then society will collectively benefit. Malthus1798 – don’t bother helping the poor as it is economically pointless, so if they starve to death...
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