Indian Railways

Powerful Essays
Indian Railways (Hindi: भारतीय रेल Bhāratīya Rail), abbreviated as IR (Hindi: भा.रे.), is the state-owned railway company of India, which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India.

Indian Railways has more than 64,015 kilometres (39,777 mi)[5] of track and 6,909 stations. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after that of the United States, Russia and China.[5] The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country and carry over 20 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight daily.[6][7] It is one of the world's largest commercial or utility employers, with more than 1.6 million employees.[6][8] As to rolling stock, IR owns over 200,000 (freight) wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000 locomotives.[6]

Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities.

Initially, the Indian railways were both designed and built by the British, during their colonial rule of the subcontinent.

Contents [hide]
1 Organisational structure
1.1 Railway zones
1.2 Recruitment and training
1.3 Subsidiaries
2 Technical details
2.1 Traction
3 Services
3.1 Passenger
3.1.1 Accommodation classes
3.1.2 Notable trains and achievements
3.1.3 Fares and ticketing
3.1.4 Tourism
3.2 Freight
3.2.1 Dedicated Freight Corridor
4 Rail budget and finances
5 Issues
6 Reforms and upgrades
7 See also
8 Notes
9 References
10 External links [edit] Organisational structure
Main article: Indian Railway organisational structure
Indian Railways is a department owned and controlled by the Government of India, via the Ministry of Railways. As of May 2010, the Railway

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Indian Railways

    • 2314 Words
    • 10 Pages

    INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN RAILWAYS Indian Railways, a historical legacy, are a vital force in our economy. The first railway on Indian sub-continent ran from Bombay to Thane on 16th April 1853. Fourteen railway carriages carried about 400 guests from Bombay to Thane covering a distance of 21 miles (34 Kilometers). Since then there has been no looking back. Today, it covers 6,909 stations over a total route length of more than 63,028 kilometres. The track kilometers in broad gauge (1676 mm) are 86,…

    • 2314 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Indian Railways

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Introduction: Indian Railways is the nationalized railway company of India which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is the world’s second largest employer behind Chinese army; has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, an extensive network, which is spread over 60000 Route Kilometre, of which approximately 30 per cent is electrified. The Indian Railways have played an integrating role in the social and economic development of the country , transporting…

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Indian Railway

    • 2607 Words
    • 11 Pages

    GANDHIDHAM AREA- THE RISING SUN IN WESTERN HORIZON The development of rail in Gandhidham area starts from pages of history since 1902. In Kutch State 15 miles railway line was laid between Anjar-Tuna in this year and in 1905 railway line between Anjar and Bhuj for a distance of 25 miles was introduced. Maharao of Kutch has visualized the importance of Raiways and connectivity of important harbours of this area. The Kutch State was always remained entry gate for the traders coming from Gulf and…

    • 2607 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Indian Railways

    • 5560 Words
    • 23 Pages

    INDIAN RAILWAYS AND ITS CONTINUING MONOPOLY Indian Railways abbreviated as IR, is the state-owned railway company of India, which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India. Indian Railways has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily. It is the world's largest commercial or utility employer, with more than…

    • 5560 Words
    • 23 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Indian Railways

    • 3949 Words
    • 16 Pages

    PROJECT REPORT ON: [pic] “INDIAN RAILWAYS” [pic] TABLE OF CONTENTS | I |ACKNOWLEDGEMENT |2 | |1 |INTRODUCTION |4 | |2 |NINE ZONES OF INDIAN RAILWAYS |5…

    • 3949 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Indian Railway

    • 1634 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Marketing Project On INDIAN RAILWAYS Submitted by: Dhruti Badami 11BSPHH010XXX Nikhil Goyal 11BSPHH01XXX Contents Page Introduction Marketing Mix SWOT Analysis Market Segmentation Market Targeting Market Positioning The Way Forward INTRODUCTION Indian Railways is the nationalized railway company of India which owns and operates most of the country 's rail transport. It is the world’s second largest employer behind Chinese army; has one of the largest…

    • 1634 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Indian Railway

    • 904 Words
    • 4 Pages

    A case study video on how the Indian railway was turned around was discussed in the class. Please suggest a Strategy for turning around Pakistan Railways by proposing a change in their Value chain activities and subsequent strategies to be followed Ans At present Pakistan Railway comprises of 8,163 route km, 1,212 stations and 42 train halts. It has a fleet of 546 diesel electric locomotives, 25,815 wagons and 2,099 passenger coaches. Maintenance is provided by three major locomotive workshops…

    • 904 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Indian Railways

    • 1000 Words
    • 4 Pages

    INDIAN RAILWAYS FACTS General Facts : World 's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km of track over a route of 65,000 km and 7,500 stations. As of December 2012, it transported over 25 million passengers daily (9 billion on an annual basis). In 2011, IR carried over 8,900 million passengers annually or more than 24 million passengers daily (roughly half of which were suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. Biggest Railway Project : Konkan Railway Project (Roha - Mangalore…

    • 1000 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    INDIAN RAILWAYS

    • 866 Words
    • 4 Pages

    CASE STUDY ON INDIAN RAILWAYS (MONOPOLY) In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium – Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service. Monopolies are characterized by a lack of economic competition for the good or service that they provide and a lack of viable substitute goods. Monopoly should be distinguished from monopsony, in which there is only one buyer of the product or service;…

    • 866 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Indian Railway

    • 1016 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Date: - 03-01-13 RAILWAYS: A SLOW STATE OF AFFAIR! Accidents and chaos are everywhere and Mumbai with its population of over 20.5 million is no exception to this. The once efficient suburban rail network is the lifeline of Mumbai, however over the past two decades; it is creaking under the weight of passenger influx and lack of investment in upgrading infrastructure. The extraordinary crowding of trains and poor commuter facilities at stations makes the Mumbai train system so prone to accidents…

    • 1016 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays