Indian Railways is the nationalized railway company of India which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is the world’s second largest employer behind Chinese army; has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, an extensive network, which is spread over 60000 Route Kilometre, of which approximately 30 per cent is electrified. The Indian Railways have played an integrating role in the social and economic development of the country , transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily, it is the world's largest commercial or utility employer, with more than 1.4 million employees. Besides its stated function of transporting men and goods across the length and breadth of the country, it also enhances the country’s economy. As the country is emerging as one of the rapidly growing economies in the world, the need for a well- organized transport infrastructure would become more vital. Although there have been other modes of transport available in the country, INDIAN RAILWAYS is still able to maintain its competitive position due to many advantages like geographical diversity, world’s largest networks, and above all its economical fares in delivering the services.
Indian Railways has 114,500 km of total track over a route of 65,000 km and 7,500 stations. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after those of United
States, Russia and China. The railways carry over 30 million passengers and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. It is the world's 2nd largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with more than 1.36 million employees. Indian Railways operates long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi gauge network of broad, meter and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities. As for rolling stock, IR owns over 240,000 (freight) wagons, 60,000 coaches and
9,000 locomotives. Railways were first introduced to