Indian Painting and Sculpture

Topics: India, Indian painting, Painting Pages: 5 (1166 words) Published: December 28, 2013
 Gourab Basak
Roll No. 515207
TPI
Painting and Sculpture

Introduction
Indian painting has a very long tradition and history in Indian art. The earliest Indian paintings were the rock paintings of pre-historic times, the petroglyphs  found in places like Bhimbetka , some of them from before 5500 BC. And also an imperative part of Indian art culture is dominated by sculptures in India. Indian sculptures started from bronze and other stones. Sculpture of India has its roots from the planet’s oldest Indus Valley Civilization to globally celebrated modern Indian sculpture art. Various Styles of Indian Painting

Mughal painting
Mughal painting is a particular style of Indian painting, generally confined to illustrations on the book and done in miniatures, and which emerged, developed and took shape during the period of the Mughal Empire 16th −19th centuries. Rajput Painting

It flourished, during the 18th century, in Rajputana courts. Apart from the variety of themes especially religious, Miniatures were the favorite means of Rajput painting. Numerous manuscripts also hold Rajput paintings. Mysore painting

This form of established South Indian painting originated in Karnataka. This school of painting traces its roots from times of Ajanta. When the rulers of Vijayanagar and feudatories under them gave impetus to art, literature, architecture, spiritual and rational discussions; the Vijayanagar School of Painting emerged. Both Mysore and Tanjore traditional schools of painting are off-shoots of this painting. Tanjore painting

This is another form of traditional South Indian painting in Tamil Nadu. It dates back to a period when Nayakas of Tanjavur motivated art. Tanjore School of painting is celebrated for its vibrant colors, surface opulence and compacted composition. The themes of this school also move around Hindu mythology and saints. These paintings are created on wooden plank, thus were also called palagai padam in local jargon. Today, these paintings have turned souvenirs during celebratory occasions in South India, decorative items, or collectors' objects for art connoisseurs.

Madhubani painting
Madhubani painting originated in a little village known as Maithili, in the State of Bihar. Initially, the womenfolk drew the paintings on walls of their home, as design of their thoughts, dreams and hopes. With the course of time, these paintings gained importance of being a part of celebrations and special events, such as wedding. Bit by bit the Madhubani paintings in India crossed the fixed boundaries and began reaching specialists of art. They enjoy popularity both at the national and the international level.

Pattachitra
The Patachitra is the folk painting of Orissa. It has a history of grand antiquity. Patta exactly means cloth and Chitra means image in Sanskrit. Patachitra paintings in India demonstrate the use of strong line and shining colors. These are religious paintings that swathe events and themes from Indian mythology and Puranas. They are made chiefly on silk or on old cotton glued with paper. Patachitra paintings are created in regular series like Dashavatar and activities of Lord Krishna and Rama. Patachitra paintings basically resemble to the old murals of Kalinga region as old as 5th century B C. The paramount Patachitra paintings are in and around Puri

Bengal school
This School was a fashion of art which progressed during the British Raj in India of early 20th century. Indian nationalism was greatly Linked to this painting.British arts administrators also supported and promoted it. Raja Ravi Verma and Abanindranath Tagore were amongst the pioneer artists of this school. Today’s renowned artists who belong to this school include Nilima Dutta, Sudip Roy, Paresh Maiti and Bikash Bhattacharjee.

Kalighat Painting
Kalighat painting was a product of the changing urban society of the nineteenth century...
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