Indian Independence Movement and Goa Liberation Movement

Topics: Goa, India, Indian independence movement, Portugal / Pages: 23 (5522 words) / Published: Aug 31st, 2012
The Goa liberation movement was a movement that sought to end the 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa, India. The liberation movement gained mass momentum in the early 20th century (galvanizing between 1940-1961), and continued to build on the smaller scale revolts and uprisings of the preceding century. The struggle was conducted both within Goa and externally, and was characterized by a range of tactics including non-violent demonstrations, revolutionary methods and diplomatic efforts.[1][2] Although Portuguese rule in its Indian colonies ended when India invaded Goa in 1961[3] and incorporated the territories into the Indian Union, the annexation was recognized by Portugal only in 1975.
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Portuguese Possessions in India
Main article: Portuguese India
The Portuguese colonized India in 1510, conquering many parts of the western coast and establishing several colonies in the east. By the end of the 19th century, Portuguese colonies in India were limited to Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra, Nagar Haveli and Anjediva Island.
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[edit]Revolts against Portuguese Rule
Many Goans living under colonial rule resented the Portuguese presence. The Goans resented the Portuguese colonialists for their brutal policies and mandates and their relentless campaigns to convert the predominantly Hindu Goans to Christianity.[4] Despite fourteen revolts against Portuguese rule (the final attempt in 1912),[5] none of these uprisings were successful in ending the colonial era. The failure of these uprisings to affect meaningful change was attributed to the lack of a broad, active support base and their localized nature.
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[edit]The freedom movement
[edit]Early 20th century
The abolition of the Portuguese monarchy in 1910 raised hopes that the colonies would be granted self-determination; however, in response to Portuguese colonial policies

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