Indian Independence Movement and Gandhi

Topics: Indian independence movement, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Indian National Congress Pages: 34 (12681 words) Published: August 27, 2013
Mahatma Gandhi
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Mahatma Gandhi|
Born| Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
2 October 1869
Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency,Bombay Presidency, British India[1][disputed – discuss]| Died| 30 January 1948 (aged 78)
New Delhi, Dominion of India|
Cause of death| Assassination by shooting|
Resting place| Cremated at Rajghat, Delhi.
28.6415°N 77.2483°E|
Nationality| Indian|
Other names| Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu, Gandhiji|
Ethnicity| Indo-Aryan(Gujarati)[dubious – discuss]|
Alma mater| Alfred High School, Rajkot,
Samaldas College, Bhavnagar,
University College, London (UCL)|
Known for| Prominent figure of Indian independence movement, propounding the philosophy ofSatyagraha and Ahimsa
advocating non-violence,
Religion| Hinduism, with Jain influences|
Spouse(s)| Kasturba Gandhi|
Children| Harilal
Parents| Putlibai Gandhi (Mother)
Karamchand Gandhi (Father)|
Signature| |

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu (Father of Nation),[] was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in the Raj (British-ruled India). Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights, and freedom across the world. Gandhi was born in a Bania family in coastal Gujarat, and trained in law in London. He fought for the civil rights of Indians in South Africa, using non-violent civil disobedience. Returning to India in 1915, he set about organizing peasants to protest excessive land-taxes. A lifelong opponent of "communalism" (basing politics on religion) he reached out widely to all religious groups.[contradiction] He became a leader of Muslims protesting the declining status of the Caliphate.[disputed – discuss] Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, increasing economic self-reliance, and above all for achieving Swaraj—the independence of India from British domination. Gandhi led Indians in protesting the national salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in demanding the British to immediately Quit India in 1942, during World War II. He was imprisoned for that and for numerous other political offences over the years.[specify]Gandhi sought to practice non-violence and truth in all situations, and advocated that others do the same. He saw the villages as the core of the true India and promoted self-sufficiency; he did not support the industrialization programs of his disciple Jawaharlal Nehru.[timeframe?] He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn he had hand spun on a charkha. He was a vegetarian, and undertook long fasts as means of both self-purification and political mobilization.[neutrality is disputed] In his last year, unhappy at the partition of India, Gandhi worked to stop the carnage between Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs that raged in the border area between India and Pakistan.[disputed – discuss] He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse who thought Gandhi was too sympathetic to India's Muslims. 30 January is observed as Martyrs' Day in India. The...
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