Indian Independence

Topics: British Empire, Indian independence movement, East India Company Pages: 5 (1255 words) Published: September 28, 2011
April 22, 2010

Indian Independence

India, in the 18th century was ruled by the British for two centuries. The Indians wanted freedom from the British. British looted and caused fights in India and treated them with no respect. The Indian Independence was caused by British Imperialism. The British wanted to take over India, but India wanted freedom as well since it’s their country not the British. Although politics and nationalism were important causes of the Indian Independence Movement, the most important cause was Imperialism because of the British East India Company, economy, and religion.

The British East India Company was a cause of imperialism. The British looted Indians and treated them with less value, while Gandhi tried respecting the Englishmen because he thought non-violence was the way to achieve their country and freedom back. But according to Gandhi the British did everything in India, “I tried to live like an Indian, but it’s the British who decided what we do, what we buy, and what we sell.” (Gandhi.). The meaning of this was that Britain barged in their territory disrespectfully. British are not letting Indians produce own goods or wear and make Indian clothes. They had to buy the British goods and clothes. This put many Indian Industries out of business. “It was comprised of individual territories controlled by different rulers. The EIC brokered contracts with these rulers and gradually gained influence over the subcontinent,” (McGrath.). The Dutch already took control of the Spice Islands so the British thought of taking over India but they were controlled in small territories and by uniting them it would be easier for the British to achieve money altogether more accurately and less stressfully. Clearly, the British East India Company was a connection to imperialism in the Indian Independence Movement.

The economy was a major problem as well. According to Gandhi, fighting’s not the best way to attain peace, “Peace will not come out of a clash of arms but out of justice lived and done by unarmed nations in the race of odds.” (Gandhi.). By fighting no one will achieve anything so it’s better to help the other people out and by that they can gain friendship and share goods as well. If the British are trying to take over India they should at least help improve their economy as well as said before they could gain a friendship. The economy was down a bit since there were not enough of boats so the journey between Britain and India was reduced of three weeks and India started bonding with south and west Asia. Later on as weeks went by, improvements in transportations around the world had allowed others to start supplying goods to take to Europe, France, India, and Britain. Britain exploited India’s economy. They exploited India in every possible way they could make a profit from. (McCleoud 85.) British took advantage of them every way possible. British are taking over there economy, trying to convert them, not letting them do whatever their wish is. Therefore, economy was also a connection to imperialism in the Indian Independence Movement. These facts and analysis demonstrate how economy was the important cause of the Indian Independence Movement.

Lastly, religion was also a problem too. Such as the British tried making Indians do inappropriate actions that Hindus shouldn’t commit. “…the Indian soldiers, that the cartridges of their new Enfield rifles were sealed with beef and pork fat”. (Enfield 83.) The Indian soldiers in the army were required to bite the ends off gun cartridges that contained pig fat and cow fat, which offended both Muslims and Hindus Indians did not eat beef as they respected cows Muslims did not eat pork. British intentionally did this, because that’s how the British got them into doing something if the British wanted something. “Were your views and mine the same, we might destroy them entirely with every little trouble; and if we do so, we shall...

Bibliography: Einfeld, Jann. The History of Nations India. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2002.
Gandhi. Dir. Richard Attenborough. Perf. Ben Kingsley. 1982. DVD.
The British Presence in India in the 18th Century. Professor Peter Marshall, 5 Nov. 2009.
Web. 18 Apr. 2010. .
Gandhi. Dir. Richard Attenborough. Perf. Ben Kingsley. 1982. DVD.
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