Indian Automobile Industry

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Analysis of Automobile Industry

Industry Definition

An Automobile, a wheeled passenger land vehicle which is self-propelled, i.e., has its own engine and which, by its discovery, put the horses to rest and changed the way of living for the mankind.

The automobiles (with examples) are classified as follows:

1. 2-Wheelers

These are of 5 types:

1. Motorcycles: Bajaj Pulsar, Honda Unicorn, Honda Shine

2. Scooters: Honda Activa, Kinetic Zoom, Bajaj Chetak 4S

3. Scooterettes: Bajaj Spirit, TVS Scooty Pep, Bajaj Sunny Zip

4. Step thru’s: Bajaj M80, Hero Puch, Kinetic K4 100

5. Mopeds: Kinetic Luna Super, Kinetic Luna TFR

2. 3-Wheelers

These are of 2 types based on purpose:

1.

2.

1. Carriage or Goods transport: Bajaj GC 1000, Piaggio Ape 50, M&M Alfa

2. Passenger transport: Bajaj RE 2S, M&M Champion

3. Passenger Vehicles

These are further classified as:

1.

2.

3.

1. Passenger Cars:

These include passenger cars which are divided into following 6 categories depending upon length:

1. Mini – Car length upto 3400 mm – Maruti 800 and REVA

2. Compact – Length between 3401 and 4000 mm – Maruti Alto, Tata Indica, Hyundai Santro

3. Midsize – Length between 4001 and 4500 mm – Maruti Esteem, Tata Indigo, Hyundai Accent

4. Executive – Length between 4501 and 4700 mm – Toyota Corolla, Honda Civic

5. Premium – Length between 4701 and 5000 mm – Honda Accord, Hyundai Sonata

6. Luxury – Length above 5000 mm – Mercedes S-class

2. Utility Vehicles: Tata Sumo and Safari, Toyota Qualis

3. Multi Utility Vehicles: Maruti Omni and Versa

4. Commercial Vehicles

These are divided into 2 categories according to the loads they can carry:

4.

1. Light Commercial Vehicles – Gross vehicle weight limit is 7.5 tonnes – Cargo, Tempo, Mini Buses, and Mini Trucks etc. Major players are Tata Motors Ltd., Swaraj Mazda

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