Indian Art

Topics: India, Indian art, Indian painting Pages: 7 (2253 words) Published: December 13, 2010
Indian Art is the art produced on the Indian subcontinent from about the 3rd millennium BC to modern times. To viewers schooled in the Western tradition, Indian art may seem overly ornate and sensuous; appreciation of its refinement comes only gradually, as a rule. Voluptuous feeling is given unusually free expression in Indian culture. A strong sense of design is also characteristic of Indian art and can be observed in its modern as well as in its traditional forms. The vast scope of the art of India intertwines with the cultural history, religions and philosophies which place art production and patronage in social and cultural contexts. Indian art can be classified into specific periods each reflecting particular religious, political and cultural developments. ·Ancient period (3500 BCE-1200 CE)

·Islamic ascendancy (1192-1757)
·Colonial period (1757–1947)
·Independence and the postcolonial period (Post-1947)
Contents[hide]·1 Jewelry·2 Temple and Sculpture-art·3 Bronze Sculpture·4 Indian fresco·5 Folk and tribal art·6 Visual art·7 Contemporary art·8 Music·9 See also·10 References·11 Further reading·12 External links [edit] Jewelry

Pair of gold earings 1st Century B.C Andhra Pradesh.
The Indian subcontinent has the longest continuous legacy of jewellery making anywhere, with a history of over 5,000 years.[1] One of the first to start jewellery making were the peoples of the Indus Valley Civilization. Early jewellery making in China started around the same period, but it became widespread with the spread of Buddhism around 2,000 years ago. [edit] Temple and Sculpture-art

Main article: Indian rock-cut architecture

Apsara,Dancing Celestial 10th Century.
The earliest Indian religion to inspire major artistic monuments was Buddhism. Though there may have been earlier structures in wood that have been transformed into stone structures, there are no physical evidences for these except textual references. Obscurity shrouds the period between the decline of the Harappans and the definite historic period starting with the Mauryas. Soon after the Buddhists initiated the rock-cut caves, Hindus and Jains started to imitate them at Badami, Aihole, Ellora, Salsette, Elephanta, Aurangabad and Mamallapuram. Indian rock art has continuously evolved, since the first rock cut caves, to suit different purposes, social and religious contexts, and regional differences. [edit] Bronze Sculpture

Bronze Statue of Nataraja at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City The Chola period is also remarkable for its sculptures and bronzes.[2] Among the existing specimens in the various museums of the world and in the temples of South India may be seen many fine figures of Siva in various forms, Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi, Siva saints and many more.[3] Chola bronzes were created using the lost wax technique.[4] It is known in artistic terms as "Cire Perdue". The Sanskrit Shilpa texts call it the Madhu Uchchishtta Vidhana. [edit] Indian fresco

Ajanta, 2nd Century B.C.
The tradition and methods of Indian cliff painting gradually evolved throughout many thousands of years - there are multiple locations found with prehistoric art. The oldest frescoes of historical period have been preserved in Ajanta Caves from 2nd century BC. In total there are known more than 20 locations in India with paintings and traces of former paintings of ancient and early medieval times (up to 8th - 10th century AD)[5]. The most significant frescoes of ancient and early medieval period are located in Ajanta Caves, Bagh Caves, Ellora Caves, Sittanavasal. The Chola fresco paintings were discovered in 1931 within the circumambulatory passage of the Brihadisvara Temple in India and are the first Chola specimens discovered. Researchers have discovered the technique used in these frescoes. A smooth batter of limestone mixture is applied over the stones, which took two to three days to set. Within that short span, such large...

References: 1. ^ Untracht, Oppi. Traditional Jewellery of India. New York: Abrams, 1997 ISBN 0-8109-3886-3. p15.
5. ^ "Ancient and medieval Indian cave paintings - Internet encyclopedia". Wondermondo. 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
· Harsha V. Dehejia, The Advaita of Art (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2000, ISBN 81-208-1389-8), p. 97
· Kapila Vatsyayan, Classical Indian Dance in Literature and the Arts (New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi, 1977), p
· Mitter, Partha. Indian Art (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-19-284221-8)
[edit] Further reading
· Coomaraswamy, Ananda K. (1914). Viśvakarmā ; examples of Indian architecture, sculpture, painting, handicraft. London.
· Havell, E. B. (1907). Essays on Indian art, industry & education. G. A. Natesan & Co. , Madras.
· Havell, E. B. (1920). The Ideals of Indian art. E. P. Dutton and Co., New York.
· Havell, E. B. (1908). Indian sculpture and painting. John Murray, London.
· Smith, Vincent A. (1930). A History Of Fine Art In India And Ceylon. The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
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