Preview

Indentured Servitude In The 17th Century

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
527 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Indentured Servitude In The 17th Century
Indentured Servitude and Slavery

Luz Perez
AP US History
Per 3
09/13/13
Indentured servants and the slavery system played a massive part in the rise of colonial economy during the 17th century. The colonists needed desperate help with labor because there was work that had to be done in lands. This need was satisfied with indentured servants and African slaves. The difference between these two was that they were treated differently. Indentured servants were white English people who need jobs; they were under a contract for several years in return for their transportation, food, home, and other necessities. They were used because slaves were too expansive and Indians died very quickly. After a certain event, master turned to slaves. Both helped the colonial economy burst. They put the American colonists in a better economic situation.
…show more content…
This is when English wanted to start coming to America for a better life. Since many people wanted to come to America, the solution was indentured servitude. This meant a European’s trip to America was covered in return for the English to become servants. The servants did much work in land, especially in the south. The south was known for their tobacco plantations. They helped to make tobacco a major crop. This seemed like a nice way for English poor to make a living but that often was not the case. Only about 40% of indentured servants lived the complete their contract. Masters used indentured servants because slaves were not affordable and Indians died too quickly to be a reliable source for labor. Then Bacon’s Rebellion happened. Bacon’s Rebellion was an uprising in 1676 against the rule of Governor William Berkeley. This rebellion was led by Nathaniel Bacon, 29 year old planter. The rebellion consisted of frontiersmen in search for land. Because of this lordly planters were now in search of laborers who weren’t going to cause trouble to help in the

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    1 Thomas Gordon Indentured Servitude vs. Slavery 13 January 2015 US History University of Phoenix In the beginning of the 1600’s the term slavery in the U.S. wasn’t even thought of. It was more in the terms of indentured servants. In 1607 indentured servants first arrived in America in the decade of the settlement of Jamestown by the Virginia Company. The idea was formed in the thought of servitude was born for a need for cheap labor vs hiring a person and paying them a lot of money.…

    • 743 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Although Indentured servitude and slavery have similarities they are also quite different. Indentured servants were young men looking to work in exchange for land or money in America. Slaves were brought to America and forced to work for the colonists receiving nothing in return. Indentured servants and slavery were both groups that were involved in America’s first colonization and although they were frequently taken advantage of, they were very important in building this new nation’s…

    • 456 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The search for a viable labor source affected the southern colonies in many ways. Without forced labor the southern colonies wouldn’t have been able to keep their economy up the way they did. The southern colonies developed with a focus on agriculture as the primary economic activity. Unfortunately the technology to decrease the labor demands such as the cotton gin or spinning jenny weren’t invented during the colonial times. Without that technology the southerners instead took advantage of the immigration and came up with the indentured servants. The indentured servants were I guess you can say happy for having the opportunity for acquiring their own land and freedom for a few years of labor. Even though most of the servants were young and healthy men, most of them died before completing their seven years of labor.…

    • 597 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In some European countries including England some of the poor and many laborers were brought to the English colonies by way of ships to work on the farms within these colonies. Because of such an immense amounts of Tobacco crops being planted on these farms, a great deal of blood and sweat was needed for the cultivation of these crops. These poor workers were enticed by the idea of a new and better life in America. By the hiring of Indentured servants, the planters would have a greater chance of gaining economic success. Once the indenture (contract) was up the servants would also possibly receive "freedom dues" which appeared to be a 'win, win' on both sides. Unfortunately, this was seldom the case.…

    • 944 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Bacon’s Rebellion was the first incident in the colonies. The under classed individuals rose up against the royal governor and the privileged. This act contributes to the notion that opportunities were not always equal in colonial times. Bacon’s Rebellion occurred due to many reasons; some being: higher taxes, restrictions on certain individuals’ right to vote, and the lack of protection from Native American attacks. Indentured servitude was the biggest form of labor for those who needed it. However, indentured servants had very little rights, and colonial America couldn’t possibly be considered a “land of opportunity” considering life wasn’t so easy for them. Indentured servants were bound to contracts stating a period of time they had to work, but at least there was light at the end of their tunnel. Slaves were more cost effective for the economy of colonial America. Extremely little to no wages and they were bound to what they thought to be indefinitely. They were treated more harshly than the indentured servants, and had very little to no respect of others, and beaten among other things. They arrived here forcefully and…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The author mentions that in 1680 slavery was not very common in English colonies, later around 1700 this would change. One of the possible causes of it was the decrease of indentured servants in the colonies of Chesapeake and the Carolinas, in which the labor force was in high demand at that time. Captive Africans became easy to obtain due to the slave trading by merchants and ship owners in European countries. Europeans could purchase captives in African wars that they could later send as laborers to America.…

    • 284 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    17th Century Virginia

    • 584 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In Virginia, indentured servantry was very common. The indentured servants had to work hard both night and day for a mess of water gruel and a mouthful of bread. Document D is written by an indentured servant. He tells that he would much rather be in England, even without a limb, than to be where he is now. Indentured servants chose to be what they were because of what they got out of it. As Document E says, "..at the end of the said terme, to give him one whole yeeres provision of Corne, and fifty acres of Land, according to the order of the country." Nobody expected that they would be in such misery. During their term, they started to think that they put too much into their work than what they were getting out of it, but they continued to strive on because they wanted land and corn. Indentured servantry affected the economic status of Virginia. The more they made other people work, the less that they had to do to provide for themselves and the rest of the colony of Virginia.…

    • 584 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There was also an increasingly English Market. England shrank the pool of penniless people willing to gamble on a new life or an early death as indentured servants in America. By the mid-1680s, black slaves outnumbered white servants among the plantation colonies’ new arrivals for the first time. Hard-pinched white colonists, struggling to stay alive and to hack crude clearings out of the forests because could not afford to pay high prices for slaves who might die soon after arrival (white servants.)…

    • 523 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Slavery 1680-1860

    • 1050 Words
    • 5 Pages

    It was simply a low wage job, cleaning, cooking and beckoning to there owners needs. They owned there own property where there families live and attended the local churches every Sunday. With time they had freedom, agreements to be released from indentured servants and free with rights. Indentured servants were quite scarce and expensive and the issue of equal rights presented a major challenge to developing slave states like Virginia. Indentured servants slowly became life long servants, having no chance of release at a certain age. By 1660, laws were being enacted that defined the regulated slave relations. By 1680, slaves were chattel, nothing but property sold as commodities and traded. With slavery came empowerment to the white man and land ownership and all rights and freedom for Native Americans, poor whites, African Americans, and women diminish substantially in America. Americas growing settlements and colonies were completely dependent on slave labor and were growing fast because of it. America’s freedom was stripped during slavery due to the high dependency on African American slave trade. With the up rise of revolts and anti slavery acts, the colonies feel just how dependent on the slave trade and how little freedom they had.…

    • 1050 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Since Virginia's establishment as a colony, the newly freed men suffered exploitation from the upper echelons of society. Indentured servants and later settlers came to the new world seeking financial independence and a better life. After years of indentured servitude the newly-freed men would find themselves stuck in the very situation they sought to free themselves from. This lack of financial independence and social mobility created a general feeling of discontent culminating in Bacon's Rebellion.…

    • 545 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Rise and Fall of Old South

    • 1888 Words
    • 8 Pages

    By the time the first English settlers established Jamestown, slavery was already a well-established mechanism of providing cheap labor. However, the image of slavery in the plantation sense was not how it first presented itself in the American South with the first British colonists. In the 1580’s there is a huge population boom in England, which becomes a drain on the crown and the land. In an attempt to repurpose the criminals and citizens who may have needed to work off debts, the Queen allows for some of the surplus population to travel to America and work as indentured servants. The need for these indentured servants became abundantly clear after so many of the initial settlers were dying off due to an inability or lack of willingness to work the lands in a way that would be useful to those trying to live and work in this new land.…

    • 1888 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Clash of Cultures

    • 837 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In the early 16th century, the North American colonies depended on the indentured servants for cheap manual labor and other services. By the 1680s, the indentured servants were exchanged with African slaves. However, by the early 1700s, there were no more servants yet because they were being replaced by African slaves. Many indentured servants ran away when they got the chance to North America and blended in so they didn’t be seen and took every chance to escape. A lot of the servants died soon after arriving in North America due to the different environments since most were born in West Africa. The servants had to earn the freedom by surviving and finishing up…

    • 837 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    There is a lot of evidence that supports the idea that people became richer at the expense of others. The main ones are indentured servitude and slavery. Farmers used indentured servants and slaves as free labor to help with their crops. They were often abused and mistreated because they saw them as nothing more than property and the slave couldn’t complain because the law also saw them as nothing more than property. People in Europe were promised a land of opportunity and great pay, but this was a scam. The people’s real intentions were to convince poor people that they could move up in life and become wealthy so that they could have more people to work for them. Farmers offered people who could not pay for their trip to the new world an opportunity…

    • 162 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Unfree Labor

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In the 1600s, the indentured servants represented over three-quarters of all European immigrants to Maryland and Virginia. By the brink of the eighteenth century, about 100,000 of these laborers had been imported to the Chesapeake area. These servants led a hard life, but looked forward to their eventual freedom and gaining their own land after finishing their term of servitude. As land became scarcer, though, the masters became reluctant to include land in the “freedom dues.” Life became even harsher for the indentured servants as the years went by, the smallest infractions being punished with…

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    How were the experiences of indentured servant and slaves in the Chesapeake and the Caribbean similar? In what ways were they different?…

    • 121 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays

Related Topics