November 30, 2012
What is inclusive education?
Inclusive education means that all students, including children with disabilities, are taught in regular classrooms alongside other children of their own age without disabilities. It means that children with disabilities are provided with the same learning opportunities as children without disabilities. They go to the same schools, are in the same classrooms, and are involved in the same activities and exercises (academic and social) as children without disabilities. Inclusive education provides the basis for the social, emotional and intellectual development of children with disabilities; ensuring development to the child’s fullest potential and ensuring that they develop the skills that will require in their lifetimes. The Canadian Association for Community Living describes inclusive education as “children go to their community or neighbourhood school and receive instruction in a regular class setting with non-disabled peers who are the same age. This approach is the only way we can provide education to a diverse population in a way that respects the complex fabric of our society in the 21st century. Inclusion is now a Canadian value that needs to be practiced in our schools” (CACL). Inclusive education brings together all students of the same age group in one classroom (regardless of disability). It provides students with learning opportunities in a supportive learning environment, helping to ensure that children with disabilities reach their full potential. Inclusive education is about ensuring that each and every student receives a quality education regardless of their disability (this could be extended to age, gender, race, etc. and not simply disabilities) (Porter, 2008). It builds on the strengths of all students; maximizing their potential and providing the same learning opportunities without discrimination. Inclusive education is based on the...
References: Education. (n.d.). Community Living Ontario. Retrieved November 25, 2012, from http://www.communitylivingontario.ca/issues/policy-issues/education
Government of Alberta (2011). About an Inclusive Education System. Alberta Education. Retrieved November 23, 2012, from http://education.alberta.ca/department/ipr/inclusion/about.aspx
Porter, Gordon, L. (2008), Making Canadian Schools Inclusive: A call to Action. Education Canada, Canadian Education Association
The Canadian Association for Community Living: A National Initiative on Inclusive Education. (n.d.). CACL. Retrieved November 22, 2012, from http://inclusive-education.ca/resources/documents/cacl_nat_education.pdf
The Promise of Inclusive Education. (n.d.). Nevada Partnership for Inclusive Education. Retrieved November 25, 2012, from http://nvpie.org/inclusive.html
Underwood, Kathryn (2004). The Case for Inclusive Education as a Social Determinant of Health. OGS doctoral fellow, Comparative Program on Health and Society. University of Toronto.
United Nations, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006. Passed by 76th Plenary Session of the General Assembly, December 13, 2006.
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