Component Part 2 – Academic essay on Inclusion.
Inclusion is a process that accommodates to the educational, social and emotional needs of children, young people and families. The inclusive process can incorporate a range of specialized provision that can be accessed according to need. A key factor that determines the success, of inclusive provision is the training of staff, and the impact of that training in the planning, differentiation and presentation of the curriculum. (Reid, 2011).
The aim of my presentation was to discuss and elaborate on Inclusion with my focus primarily on the 1981 Education Act and also the link between Special Educational Needs (SEN) and Provision and what the SEN Code of Practice did to make it a fairer society and who helps pupils who are established with SEN.
The Warnock report (DfES, 1978) and the subsequent 1981 Education Act represented the first attempt in the United Kingdom to take a synoptic view of the whole field of special education and to present a coherent philosophy. The 1981 Education Act introduced the system of a statutory multi-disciplinary assessment that could lead to the Local Education Authority (LEA) issuing a statement of special educational needs. Before the 1981 Education Act came into force on 1st April 1983, the provision of special educational services in England and Wales was formulated from the 1944 Education Act. However, this Act then introduced ideas of special educational needs (SEN), statement of SEN, and integrative approach’ which later became known as an ‘inclusive approach’. Inclusive approach is based on common educational goals for all children regardless of their abilities or disabilities.
The 1981 Education Act amended section 36 of the 1944 Education Act by imposing upon Local Educational Authorities (LEAs) a basic educational duty to ensure that every child received full-time education that was not only ‘suitable to his age, ability, and aptitude’, but also ‘to any...
References: Ahmad F Ramjhun (2002). Implementing the Code of Practice for Children with Special Educational Needs. 2nd ed. New York: David Fulton 's . p56.
DES. (1978). The Warnock Report (1978) Special Educational Needs. Available: http://www.educationengland.org.uk/documents/warnock/. Last accessed 1st December 2013.
Dyson, A. (2002). Inclusion and Pupil Achievement. Statistical analysis of the relationship between school. 2 (3), p35-38.
Reid, G (2011). Special Educational Needs: A Guide for Inclusive Practice. London: SAGE Publication. p14.
Seamus Hegarty (2002). Inclusive Education: A Global Agenda. 2nd ed. London: Routledge. p13-15.
Seamus Hegarty (1998). Meeting Special Needs in Ordinary Schools: An Overview. 1st ed. London. Routledge. p46.
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