INC1 chapter 1, 2 & 3 summaries

Topics: Mass, General relativity, Force Pages: 3 (978 words) Published: August 21, 2014
Chapter 1

Scientific Method: (4 & 5 are combined)
1. Observe Closely observe the physical world around you.
2. Question Recognize a question or a problem.
3. Hypothesize Make an educated guess—a hypothesis—to answer the question. Must be able to be proven rright or wrong(false or true). 4. Predict Predict consequences that can be observed if the hypothesis is correct. The consequences should be absent if the hypothesis is not correct. 5. Test predictions Do experiments to see if the consequences you predicted are present.

6. Draw a conclusion Formulate the simplest general rule that organizes the hypothesis, predicted effects, and experimental findings.
But scientifically speaking, a theory is a synthesis of facts and welltested hypotheses.

Science is a system by which we discover and record physical phenomena and think about possible explanations for such phenomena. Religion addresses the source, purpose, and meaning of it all. Simply put, science asks how, art asks who, and religion asks why.

The life sciences branch into such areas as molecular biology, microbiology, and ecology. The physical sciences branch into such areas as physics, chemistry, the earth sciences, and astronomy.

Physics is the study of such concepts as motion, force, energy, matter, heat, sound, light, and the components of atoms. Chemistry builds on physics by telling us how matter is put together, how atoms combine to form molecules, and how the molecules combine to make the materials around us. Biology is more complex than physical science, for it involves matter that is alive.

Chapter 2
The amount of inertia an object possesses depends on the amount of matter in the object—the more matter, the more inertia.
Mass: The quantity of matter in an object. It is also the measure of the inertia or sluggishness that an object exhibits in response to any effort to start it, stop it, or change its state of motion in any way.

Weight: The force upon an object due to gravity...
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