In the Content of the Period 1485-1587, to What Extent Did the Northern Rebellion of 1569 Represent a Significant Threat to the Security of the Tudor State

Topics: Henry VIII of England, Elizabeth I of England, Mary I of England Pages: 8 (3209 words) Published: May 7, 2013
In the content of the period 1485-1587, to what extent did the Northern Rebellion of 1569 represent a significant threat to the security of the Tudor State? Rebellions caused a serious threat to monarchs; and as a result of the War of The Roses and Henry VII’s usurpation in 1485, the Tudor Dynasty had effectively been founded on Rebellion so it may be possible to assume that the Tudor Dynasty could be removed by rebellion. The Tudor period can be seen as a time of unrest as each Tudor monarch had at least one rebellion during their reign. The majority of the Tudor rebellions were a significant threat as they attacked the authority of the Crown; suggesting a period of instability throughout the 100 years as each rebellion was a constant reminder of the fragile position of the monarchs during this time. For Henry VIII this can be illustrated by the Lincolnshire rising and the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536-7 as the commons were driven to rebel. The same can be said for the Western Rebellion during the reign of Edward VI at a time when the Crown was vulnerable due to the King’s young age and lack of experience. Further still, Elizabeth encountered a situation which threatened her position as monarch during the Northern Rebellion of 1569, when people were reluctant to accept her as the rightful ruler and she faced further threats due to the situation abroad and in her attempts for religious change; thus making her position vulnerable. In addition, Elizabeth I faced hostility from others who were against her views such as in the Babington Plot which was a last attempt to create a rebellion against Elizabeth in support of Mary Queens of Scots. Moreover, within these rebellions there were factors that caused a great deal of danger to the overall security of the Tudor state. The nature of the rebellion, whether it be political, economic or religious played a large role in the protection of the Tudor state. Rebellions such as the Cornish rebellion in 1497 had begun due to economic reasons, in particular taxes, rather than in opposition to the monarch and rebellions such as the Yorkshire rebellion in 1489 arose due to political reasons. This suggests that some rebellions were more focused on local grievances and government policies rather than directly representing a threat to the security of the Tudor state. This can certainly be said for Wyatt’s’ rebellion which rose for a fear of England becoming re-catholicised. It could also be argued that compared to the rest of Europe, the rebellions during the Tudor period posed little threat as the state remained intact, unlike Charles V whose power had diminished greatly in the German states of the Holy Roman Empire due to the influence of the Reformation. As well as this Philip II had lost his control of parts of the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, which were considered one of the most important areas of his lands and both France and Spain had suffered threatening rebellions, which, in comparison with England’s rebellions could be seen as more dangerous. It can also be suggested that the security of the State remained high as the state remained rather stable during the Tudor period. “In general the English people conformed to the requirements of public order, encouraged by reminders from pulpit, proclamation and customs to obey.”showing that England was generally stable and although there were many rebellions, the majority were easily suppressed as in the case of the Pilgrimage of Grace where Suffolk’s army dispersed the rebels and Elizabeth’s use of the Royal Army to quell uprisings. So it could be said that the Northern Rebellion of 1569 may not have been the most significant threat to the security of the Tudor state, as greater threats were posed during this time from elsewhere. Political motivations of rebellions during the Tudor period, have posed a significant threat to the security of the Tudor stateas it would have been harder to suppress a rebellion which was focused on...
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