THE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE
DEVELOPMENT OF GHANA
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
THE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THIS ERA OF GROWING BUSINESS, EDUCATION AND THE
MEDICAL FIELD IN GHANA
The term 'information technology' (IT) evolved in the 1970s and if we consider a medium or large company providing goods or services, its IT department will be responsible for storing, protecting, processing, retrieving and transmitting the information. The Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) defines Information Technology as "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." Information Technology is a wide and varied sector, and is represented in some form in almost all the industries. It is a blend of computers and communication technology where IT professionals perform variety of duties, ranging from development and installation of applications to designing complex computer networks and databases. The IT industry consists of computers, communication mediums, peripherals, electronics-related organizations, software and services. Usage of information technology for the completion of tasks in any organization, speeds up the processing and information mobility, and also improves the reliability and integrity of information. Due to the robust growth, millions of jobs have been created in this field. However, it is very essential for us to understand what the importance of information technology is in the era of growing business, education and the medical field.
The importance of Information Technology in many businesses is quite significant. There are many businesses which are in need of the software packages for satisfying their operational as well as functional needs. For fulfilling this requirement, these companies sign deals with the software manufacturing companies. Information technology is useful in ensuring the smooth functioning of all the departments in a company such as the human resource department, finance department, manufacturing department and in security related purposes. The companies in the automobile manufacturing sector are able to get rid of any sort of errors or mistakes in the proper functioning of the tools used for designing and manufacturing purposes. Due to the development of the information technology sector, the companies are being able to keep themselves aware of the changes in the global markets.
The software applications and the hardware devices are known to be the main elements of the use of information technology. The web browsers, the operating systems, and special purpose applications are the software which is used in information technology. IT plays an important role in easily solving the mathematical problems and in the project management system. It has a great use in the automated production of sensitive information, automated upgrading of the important business processes and the automated streamlining of the various business processes. It has also played an important role in the areas of communication and automated administration of entire systems. It helps the managers in adapting to the new business processes and to predict the possible impact of new technologies. The managers can benefit from the efficiently prepared computer packages and the electronically stored confidential information. With just a single click of the mouse, they can have the relevant information in front of their screen. However, to be able to handle these software packages in a better way, the managers should have undergone quality training in information technology. Taking this need into consideration, many corporate companies are seen taking special efforts for the development of these soft skills by training programs prepared by experienced software access to variety of learning resources. Computerized...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document