Implementation of Sustainable Development Principles in an Infrastructure Investment Case: Rogun HPP

Topics: Hydroelectricity, Sustainability, Renewable energy Pages: 13 (3804 words) Published: May 18, 2014
0.0Implementation of Sustainable Development Principles in an Infrastructure Investment Case: Rogun HPP A World Bank-funded project in Tajikistan is due to start in 2014. It will comprise a large hydroelectric power station in the mountains and 100km of four-lane carriageway, which will extend from the power station to a new retail park. There will also be 100 new apartments next to the retail park. The retail park and apartments will be powered by the electricity from the new power station.

0.1Question 1: Sustainable development principles will be used throughout the project. Critically examining how these principles could be applied to the project.

Question 2: BOT and BOOT are similar forms of procurement system. a. Discussing why either system may, or may not, be appropriate for this kind of project, by giving full details of the process involved in each case. b. Discussing the major risks associated with the BOT system for the power station, carriageway and apartments.

0.2For: CEM Assignments Office
Date: 02/04/2014
0.3From: Deniz Berkan Unsal
Moscow, Russian Federation


Limited resources of the world pressure on the construction industry for building structures with longer service periods. In the governmental perspective, innovative infrastructural solutions have also become a vital issue. Herein, the sustainable development concept is a guide for both the construction industry and governments. Environmental and social impact analysis of the infrastructure which is going to be constructed must be objectively prepared and away from the economic worries. Nevertheless, governments have inadequate skills for managing the sustainable development process in the infrastructure investments. In addition to this, especially governments of developing countries have challenges in funding large-scale infrastructure projects. As a result of these facts, ‘build – own – operate – transfer’ (BOOT) system has arisen as an option to fulfill the demand of governments. BOOT system not only funds an infrastructure investment with a more sustainable approach, but also offers new business areas for the construction industry. This mutual relationship between governments and construction industry can be sustained as long as the risk assessment of the projects is done accurately.

2.0Question 1

Hydropower stations which are acknowledged as environment friendly energy source has started to be examined also in other aspects by the business world, since the concept of the sustainable development have arisen in the last few decades. Besides environmental perspective, economic and social impact of hydropower stations and their social facilities also should be assessed in order to provide the sustainable development. Hydropower stations produce green energy which is environmentally sustainable. Nevertheless, the construction of hydropower stations has considerable impacts on the environment. Design stage plays a crucial role for minimizing the effects on the environment. Hydropower stations may also influence the existing natural habitat during the reservoir creation. In the economic aspect, hydropower stations have mostly giant project budgets with their additional infrastructure. Therefore, they usually provide economic development in the regions where they are built. Additional economic benefits can be provided by selling the unused produced electricity. Hydropower stations can maintain the social sustainability in parallel with the local economic development. Construction and operation stages create new employment opportunities for the society. Social facilities which are going to be built near power station can be improved by establishing hydropower institutes. 2.2Information and analysis

2.2.1Environmental aspect of sustainable development
The success of a construction project depends on its ability to be adapted to the natural environment. Therefore, the main objective of...

References: ° International Hydropower Association (2014) Biodiversity & threatened species. [online] Available at: http://www.hydrosustainab /Biodiversity---threatened-species.aspx#.UzZm3_mSxQ1 [Accessed 27 March 2014].
° International Hydropower Association (2014) Longevity of benefits [online] Available at: [Accessed 29 March 2014].
° Lanzillo A (2013) Rogun Dam Promises Energy Security. [online], 13 May. Available at: [Accessed 30 March 2014].
° Saroj J (2012) Q&A with Saroj Jha, Regional Director for Central Asia, on the Rogun Assessment Studies. [online], 31 August. Available at: saroj-jha-q-and-a-rogun [Accessed 30 March 2014].
° Sustainable Hydro Power (2014) Economic. [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 March 2014].
° The International Energy Agency (2002) ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION. [online], June. Available at: [Accessed 30 March 2014].
° Trilling D (2013) Tajikistan: World Bank Begins Rogun Data Dump, Recommends Repairs [online], 02 October. Available at: [Accessed 31 March 2014].
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