Topics: Human rights / Pages: 8 (1825 words) / Published: Jan 4th, 2013

Civil and political rights

Rights | Theoretical distinctions * Claim rights and liberty rights * Individual and group rights * Natural and legal rights * Negative and positive rights | Human rights divisions * Civil and political * Economic, social and cultural * Three generations | Rights claimants * Animals * Children * Fathers * Fetuses * Humans * Indigenes * Kings * LGBT * Men * Minorities * Mothers * Plants * Students * Women * Workers * Youth | Other groups of rights * Authors ' * Digital * Labor * Linguistic * Reproductive | * v * t * e |
Civil and political rights are a class of rights based upon birthright into a polity or designation otherwise of human rights. They ensure a citizen 's ability to fully participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination or political repression, and protect the freedom of classes of persons and individuals from unwarranted infringement into those rights by governments, private organizations, and other entities.
Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples ' physical and mental integrity, life and safety; protection from discrimination on grounds such as physical or mental disability, gender, religion, race, national origin, age, status as a member of the uniformed services, sexual orientation, or gender identity;[1][2][3] and individual rights such as privacy, the freedoms of thought and conscience, speech and expression, religion, the press, and movement.
Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process; the right to seek redress or a legal remedy; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble, the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote.
Civil and political rights form the original and main part of international human

References: 6. ^ (Cullen-DuPont, Kathryn. "Declaration of Rights and Sentiments." Encyclopedia of Women 's History in America, Second Edition. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2000. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc.(accessed October 3, 2011). 7. ^Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash (eds.), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford University Press, 2009. Includes chapters by specialists on the various movements.

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