Impetigo: Infection and New Ointment

Topics: Impetigo, Infection, Infectious disease Pages: 7 (1811 words) Published: May 15, 2014
Impetigo
Being a member of a sports team, it is common that you hear about skin conditions like Impetigo. The bacterial infectious disease is very common in contact sports such as football and wrestling. Because I have seen cases of Impetigo and know many people that have had it, I wanted to learn more about the different aspects of the disease. One of the people that I knew that had it was my cousin Chris, who I got to interview and gain some more insight from.

Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial infection that affects the skin. It is mostly common in children, but can affect people of all ages. (Impetigo).There are two types of bacteria that cause Impetigo, which are streptococcus and staphylococcus. (Impetigo Causes) There are also three main types of the disease. The most common type in children is Impetigo Contagiosa, also known as nonbullous impetigo. This type is caused by streptococcus aureus, group A beta hemolytic streptococci or a combination of both. (Impetigo). It is very contagious and starts with red sores around the mouth and nose. When the sores burst, an itchy crusted rash forms. (Impetigo)

Bullous Impetigo is more common in very young children and appears on the torso, arms, and legs. The blisters are initially clear and then turn cloudy.(Impetigo Definition). It is called a “toxin-mediated erythrodema” in which the epidermal skin layer sheds off and is caused by streptococcus aureus (Impetigo). The most serious form is Ecythema, which also affects the second layer of skin. The blisters may turn into ulcers or open sores, which can be very painful. (Impetigo-healthline) This type of impetigo often occurs with lymphadenitis, the inflammation of the lymph nodes. (Impetigo).

The disease is spread and contracted through human contact or when the sore of an infected person comes into contacts with items they have touched. (Impetigo definition). The part of the body that is affected is the first layer of skin called the epidermis. The second layer of skin called the dermis is also affected in Ecythema Impetigo. (Impetigo Healthline) There are a few complications caused by Impetigo, such as the ulcers from Ecthyema scarring. Cellulitis is also a hazard because it affects underlying tissues and can spread into the lymph nodes and into the bloodstream. Some of the bacteria from the disease can also cause kidney problems. (Impetigo Healthline)

To prevent the contraction of Impetigo, keeping the skin clean is very important. When preventing the spread of the disease, keep the affected areas clean by washing with mild soap and covering with gauze (Impetigo Definition). When applying antibiotic ointment, wearing gloves and then washing hands is very important. An infected person also needs to wash their clothes and towels daily and not share them with anyone else. (Impetigo Definition).When my cousin had the disease, he ended up infecting his brother because he had not treated it properly at first. In children, it is important to keep them home from school/daycare until they are not contagious. (Impetigo Definition)

In curing Impetigo, the chief treatment is antibiotics that can be taken orally or applied in cream form. My cousin used the antibiotic cream called Mupirocin. If you use the cream, the affected area needs to be soaked in warm water or you need to use wet compresses to remove underlying scabs. (Impetigo Definition). The oral medications are mainly used for patients that have more widespread cases with more sores. The oral treatment also prevents the infection from coming back and makes the resistance of antibiotics less likely. (Impetigo Definition).

Impetigo can be found in adults and in children. The Nonbullous Impetigo is the type more common in children as well as adults. Bullous Impetigo is found most commonly in infants and preschool children (Impetigo Demographics). In children, both genders are equally commonly affected. However, in adults, men are more commonly...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 03 May 2014. .

"Impetigo Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 04 May 2014.
"Impetigo ." Impetigo. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2014. .
"Impetigo." : Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Pictures. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2014. .
"Impetigo." Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2014. .
"Impetigo Demographics." Clinical Key. Elsevier, n.d. Web. .
Interventions for the Skin Infection Impetigo. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Dec. 0000. Web. 04 May 2014.
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