Imperialism in the U.S.

Topics: United States, Spanish–American War, Theodore Roosevelt Pages: 5 (1025 words) Published: May 7, 2015
Julianne Ruggiero 2/16/15 Callahan/ U.S. DBQ 15

Imperialism is the policy of extending the role of authority of a nation over a foreign country, usually in material gain, Military expansion and Economical reasons. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, the United States went through an era of imperialism. At the time, the US was quite powerful, but was looking to continue to spread their territory, make themselves even stronger, and have multiple trade routes to have all the resources they needed and wanted. There were three major policies that the US used during this era. One policy is the Big Stick Diplomacy. The president at the time was Roosevelt and was striving to take control over other territories. the next policy was Social Darwinism. This policy is referred to the theory of evolution by Charles Darwin. The policy says the strongest people will survive. The U.S felt that we were the strongest already so we decided to go to weaker countries around the world, take control of them, and spread our culture. The last major policy was the “White Mans Burden”. This policy stated that we, the U.S, must help the backwards people of the world like modern day third world countries. We decided to go to these countries and make them more like us, our way of living and our culture. In this time period the U.S took over Hawaii, the Philippines, Cuba and Panama. Imperialism was an extremely important policy to the U.S and led us to major success and downfalls. The Anti-Imperialist didn’t want us to spread our empire so they felt that it was unconstitutional and that we shouldn’t get involved with a immortal war because it would corrupt us. They stated that if Mckinley won it would we would not be able to spread our constitution because it is made for certain races and it wouldn’t be allowed to spread past the American continent. Here are documents that support why imperialism was a proper and legitimate policy for the United States at the turn of the nineteenth century.

As America was becoming a world power, it set it eyes on foreign trade. In order to protect its investments the United States had to influence foreign countries government and become imperialistic. Many believed that a growing country, such as the U.S., would not be able to survive or become stronger if it did not extend its trade and influence. Alfred T. Mahan said, “America must look outward. The growing production of the country demands it. An increasing volume of public sentiment demands it.” (document 2) Mahan, believes that the people of the U.S. are behind imperialism. After the Spanish-American War, the United States had gained new territories. The United States did not want lose these possessions and wanted to show the world that they are powerful. In Document 3, President McKinley speaks of how the U.S. should not give up the Philippines. McKinley says that if the U.S. gives the Philippines back to Spain it would be cowardly and dishonorable. If France or Germany were to acquire this foreign land it would be aiding there l rivals. McKinley also says that if they were left to govern themselves it would lead to anarchy and would be worse off then before. President McKinley expresses “White Mans Burden,” and believes it was his countries God given right to govern the Philippines. President McKinley chose imperialism to secure trade with Asian countries. 

Mckinley bought the Philippines for 20 million, knowing it was a spoils of war. Albert Beveridge a senator from india supported imperialism, he made a speech called “March The Flag” in early 1900.“Philippines are ours, we shall not renounce our part in the mission of race, trustee and god” he states (document 5). “the pacific ocean is our...
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