Imperialism Position Paper
The perspective presented in the source is presented as a positive view on the Age of Imperialism. The source states that many countries benefitted greatly from “the Age of Imperialism,” which is when a country creates domination over another country’s economic, political, and cultural institutions. The Age of Imperialism contributed to globalization significantly. It helped the globalization in a way that benefitted wealthier countries and took advantage of poorer countries. The source also informs us that the Europeans helped civilize the world tremendously. Civilizing is the process of bringing people to a stage of social, cultural, and moral development that is considered to be more advanced. The source explains that without this period of time, a whole lot of things would be very different. It also expresses that literature was greatly increased because of the Age of European Expansionism. The age of Imperialism was driven by trade because of the colonies set up abroad after a European power revealed their superiority over a country it was imperializing. Because of this, cheap materials were sent back to the European country. Aside to the benefits from the Age of Imperialism, there were several negative impacts because of imperialism. During the Age of Imperialism, powerful European countries took advantage of the undeveloped countries and built colonies. After setting up the colony, they benefitted from the local workers because of cheap labour. Religion was greatly affected by imperialism because the religion of the European superpowers were so dominant. Adding to the negatives is that the Age of Imperialism caused a lot of conflict. Imperialism helped colonies be viewed as a source of cheap raw materials. Imperialism directly aided to the term of mercantilism which is the policy of strictly controlling trade. But as mercantilism declined, another idea inclined. The idea to have the government control the economy and advocate free trade, competition, and choice lead to the uprising of capitalism. Imperialism was easy for European powers because naval power, as well as guns and cannons, gave early European colonizers a significant military advantage over those who tried to resist. The Europeans also represented large central governments which could send many ships and soldiers.
The sources has one perspective of two possible perspectives on the topic of the Age of Imperialism. One perspective suggests that the Age of Imperialism had a good impact because of the many advantages it created for the European countries, and the countries where their colonies were built. Others, however, believe that the Age of Imperialism had a negative impact on the world because of the many disadvantages it revealed for the underdeveloped countries where the colonies were set up. In evaluating this source it is clear we should not embrace the perspective of the source and agree that the Age of Imperialism essentially had European countries frightened and exploited under-developing countries, these countries were assimilated, and imperialism caused conflicts.
The Age of Imperialism created a terror on under-developing countries as European countries took the initiative of frightening then exploiting the countries. Prior to imperialism, many third-world countries were not bothered and were generally kept alone by more dominant countries. For example, a written record of life as an Indigenous person in Africa was shared by an oral historian of the Pende people. The main ideas of the excerpt provided in the textbook tell us that the “Indigenous people were living comfortably. They had cattle and crops; they had salt marshes and banana trees.” After imperialism had started around the world, European countries began to develop colonies in these developing countries and this is when exploitation occurred. In 1884, representatives from the United States, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France,...
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