Top-Rated Free Essay

Imperial Administration in Han China and Imperial Rome

Good Essays
Analyze similarities and differences in techniques of imperial administration in TWO of the following empires: Han China (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.) Mauryan/Gupta India (320 B.C.E-550 C.E) Imperial Rome (31 B.CE-476 C.E.)

While imperial administration in Han China from 206 B.C.E to 220 C.E. and Imperial Rome from 31 B.C.E. to 476 C.E. had their similarities like the family roles that the government encourages, living under one ruler who gives the people some control, and the general idea of equalization, they also had their differences. One of these differences being in how each ruler gave their empire control and where they put themselves according to the rest of their empire.

Both Han China and Imperial Rome are controlled under one central leader. Both of these leaders give the citizens some form of control and contribution to their empire. The difference is how they give the citizens power. In Imperial Rome, Augustus keeps the reliable forms of the Republic such as the offices, honors, and privileges of the senatorial class as a base for his new restored Republic now called the Principate. In keeping the form of the Republic he still gives power to the Senate. In China, Gaozu kept the Qin Empire as his influence to keep choosing district officials to hold some of his power. In addition, Augustus includes himself as an ordinary citizen. What he altered from the Republic to the Principate is the reality of power. He never called himself the emperor or dictator but called himself “princeps” meaning first among equals. Gaozu was called the emperor and didn’t disagree in having ultimate power. Instead, he equalized the rest of the people and just put himself on top. Both empires believed in generalization of the people, Augustus just took it a step farther by including himself.

A major similarity in both Imperial Rome and Han China is the idea of having the leading role of the family the eldest male and the women having no place in political issues. In Later Han, families believed heavily in respect, obedience, and loyalty to the elder male of the family. In both empires, women stayed home to raise the children and do household chores while the men were soldiers, doing business, and discussing politics. Although women had no role in legal proceedings, they still had a great influence on the male’s decisions. Women gained greater personal protection and economic freedom over a course of years and many influenced and helped shape history.

In conclusion, I think the reason that Chinese emperors believed they were of ultimate power was because of the previous dynasties who thought the same thing. The Han Empire had previous influence from all the Chinese dynasties before it. On the other hand, The Roman Empire was younger and might have seen that other empires weren’t happy with the emperor being the central control. Augustus might have taken this as influence to do something different and decided to include himself in the people. Overall, Imperial Rome and Han China are two very similar empires that have the same general idea of how they wanted their empires to be.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Although there are countless similarities and differences in techniques of imperial administration between Han China and imperial Rome, some differences are seen through their methods to justify central authority, family structure, and promotion of trade and food production. Despite the fact that both Han China and imperial Rome advanced centralized governments, they had contrasting tactics to justify central authority. Han China followed in their view of the, “Mandate of Heaven.” The Mandate of…

    • 279 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    formed. Of these many civilizations, two main ones were Han China and Imperial Rome. Although Han China and Imperial Rome both had similar government structures and trading systems, they both had two very different militaries. Han and Imperial Rome both exercised political control through similar government structures and social hierarchies. There were many elites who supported Han China’s emperor, Wu di and the “mandate of Heaven.” In Han, their government hierarchies were based on confusium…

    • 394 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Han China was one of the longest dynasties in Chinese history, however, the Imperial Roman empire lasted even longer. Han China and Imperial Rome share many similarities as well as many differences. Although Han China and Imperial Rome had many similarities (patriarchy, expansion), the differences (recruitment, system of who is in authority) in methods of political control outweigh the similarities because of they had little interaction with each other. The first similarity between Han China and…

    • 720 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Han China vs. Imperial Rome Han China during the time 200 bce. through 200 ce. and Imperial Rome during the time of 31 bce. though 476 ce. had many similarities and differences. Some of the similarities between the two are their religious policies, the significance of their armies, rebelliations from the people, and the role of the emperor. These empires had many differences as well such as the acceptance of outsiders, their influences on other regions, and their philosophies. A similarity between…

    • 689 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Han China vs. Imperial Rome The Methods of political control used in Han China (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.) were similar to that of Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E. – 476 C.E.) in that both empires sought imperial expansion and the centralization of government. However, these societies greatly differed on their opposition to governing and the techniques used in maintaining control over their citizens. Both Han China and Imperial Rome were controlled under one central leader. The leader of the Han Dynasty…

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Timeline Storyboarding Document Use the table below to help you plan your timeline. By completing your research and this document ahead of time, when you get to the actual timeline program, you will already have everything done and it should be quick and easy to put the timeline together. Also, you will have a saved copy of your work in case something bad should happen in the timeline program. To save this document so that you can type in it and save your work: Go to File Click “Save as”…

    • 1579 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    November 1, 2013 6th Period The Similarities and Differences of the Imperial Rule of Han China and Imperial Rome Imperial Han and Imperial Rome were two very important empires in Europe and Asia. Even though their time in ruling was different they both were very powerful in their time. The Imperial Rules of Rome and Han China had differences and similarities in the techniques of imperial administration such as different ways of religion, Confucianism and Christianity, similar…

    • 585 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The ancient civilizations of Rome and Han China shared both similarities and differences in their social, political and economical views. First, ancient Rome and Han China both shared social views. Male dominance was a big thing for both, as they only cared to produce male offspring and didn't really care much about the women. In Han China it was a bit of a disgrace to produce women offspring; in Rome women were in the same social level as all of the children, everybody under seven-teen years of…

    • 492 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Although both Han China and Imperial Rome had large, long lasting empires with similar economies and some similar policies centralized governments and similar administrative policies regarding land reform, their techniques of imperial administration differed in terms of how it came to be and how emperors ruled. One major similarity between the administration policies of Han China and Imperial Rome was that both empires had very centralized governments. In China, the emperor had all the power.…

    • 795 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Whereas Han China from 206 B.C.E. to 220 B.C.E. and the imperial Rome from 31 B.C.E. to 476 C.E. had shared similarities on the territorial boundaries issues, the two empires had different political over the huge amount of land. Known as most powerful empires in history, Han China and Rome utilized idiosyncractic policy to maintain the sovereignty. However, the two states both suffered from the border disputes. To begin with, the political systems in Han China and Imperial Rome were different, contributing…

    • 503 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays