IMPACTS OF THE HYKSOS

Topics: Ancient Egypt, Hyksos, Ahmose I Pages: 2 (860 words) Published: June 12, 2015
. IMPACTS OF THE HYKSOS .

During the 18 dynasty, the Hyksos had a prodigious impact on Egypt that changed eternal history. The adoption of increased power of the country, expansion of trade and new military technologies provided the Hyksos with immense success. Their political and economic influence extended as far as south as Cusae in middle Egypt, and with economic prosperity wealth in form of tribute enabled funding of public works, temple constructions and rewards to officials as the Hyksos drove the Egyptians to expand their borders. This leading to religious beliefs of Egyptian gods along with their own. During the elapse of time, Egypt expelled the Hyksos through innovations of weaponry established; which enabled them to defeat the opponent. The adoption of military technology learned from the Hyksos impacted on military success of the early 18th dynasty. Prior to these new, improved military devices, weaponry was very broad and simple. Although; during the new kingdom period, the Hyksos introduced various advanced technological equipment. The main contribution of the Hyksos was the horse drawn war chariot. They were incredibly dependent on these chariots when fighting enemies; as supported by inscriptional evidence from the tomb of Ahmose “I followed the king [Ahmose] on foot when he rode abroad in his chariot”. The chariot consisted of a light, wooden framework with four to six wheels. Two horses were yoked to the chassis by a long pole attached to the centre of the axle. This is depicted as a figure in ‘Antiquity 3 – New Kingdom Egypt to the death of Thutmose IV’ and as an advantage to the Hyksos, the chariot could move freely and maneuver into small places. Herbert E. Winlock describes new military hardware; the composite bow, as well as the improved recurve bow, daggers, and the metal helmet. These sophisticated versions of weapons were used to protect the pharaoh and his wife as suggested in the tomb of Queen Ahhotep the younger. Military...
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