IDC => DV
Terrorism => Policing “ measured by: trends, practices, practices”
How did post 9/11 Terrorism Policies impact modern police policies, practices?
The purpose of this article is to describe the concept of the post 9/11 terrorism policies, and how they impacted community policing. The knowledge gained can assist in the development and evaluation of improved emergency responses and police, community relationships.
The literature includes many definitions of policing, some of which have been derived by studying various organizations and their police culture. This summary highlights several broad definitions and goes beyond definitions specific to upcoming issues with the community police organizations. This is an important topic for society because it will give a better understanding of how police will interact and respond to the community and the need for assistance. According to scholar Egon Bittner’s definition of the police, which defines the police in terms of their capacity to use nonnegotiable coercive force in any situation that appears to require a prompt and decisive response (Willis, 2014). Many findings hold promise for police concerned about problems in the near future. Data from a study conducted by John P. Crank, Colleen Kadleck and Camie M. Koski show that the biggest problem coming in the next 10 years for police: the continued expansion of the boundaries of the police function. The panelist of scholars suggested that focusing on innovation technology and the professionalism model of policing using COMPSTAT and surveillance imaging will best address it. In addition to focusing on innovation technology and the professionalism model using COMPSTAT and surveillance imaging. The margins of police include: intelligence and privacy, security and crime control, cultural and normative changes, and the expansion of the institution of formal crime control. The panelist forecast on expansion of police functions is in the areas of community policing, terrorism and security, technology change, sub population bias issues, militarism. The study was an ensemble effort designed to identify principal issues facing the police in the USA over the next 10 years. This data was collected using an expert panel methodology to assess significant issues affecting police in the near term future. Fourteen established scholars agreed to participate in the survey The authors collected responses to surveys sent to the fourteen panelist experts for data. The panelist responded through email and phone. This data was collected and organized under topics. The authors are affiliated with the University of Nebraska Omaha it was published on October 5, 2010 One particular area where police duties are expanding is in the area of intelligence and privacy and technology. Police are better informed than before because intelligence is relaying information through innovated technology. Innovated technology provides police with a more efficient use of information collected and analyzed. The authors also noted that there might be concerns regarding older officers who resent change because they are not tech savvy. The patriot act of 2001 post 9/11 law, expanded the use of technology to gather intelligence, thus giving the right to infringe into the publics civil rights. Security and crime control uses a security discourse approach that protects the United States from terrorism. The Patriot Act permitted the expansion of counter terrorism laws to not only suspected terrorists but felons as well. The post 9/11 changes allow co-authorship of criminal investigations for counter terrorism between municipal and federal agencies, permitting for a larger based security force. Thus making it harder to deal with community problems as wel as federal problems.
Police have changed their cultural views on work and how they act and perceive these values. The authors note that a cultural shift in police...
Cited: BIZZACK, J. W. (2012). Forecasting the Future of Policing. Kentucky Law Enforcement Magazine, 11(1), 6-7.
Crank, J. P., Kadleck, C., & Koski, C. M. (2010). The USA: the next big thing. Police Practice & Research, 11(5), 405-422. doi:10.1080/15614261003589870
Davis, L. M. (2010). Long-Term Effects of Law Enforcement’s -9/11 Focus on Counterterrorism and Homeland Security. In Rand.org. Retrieved April 27, 2014, from http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2010/RAND_MG1031.pdf
Peterson, M. (2005, September). Intelligence-Led Policing: The New Intelligence Architecture. In US Department of Justice. Retrieved April 27, 2014, from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/bja/210681.pdf
Problem Oriented Police (n.d.). In Cops Community Oriented Police Services. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/Default.asp?Item=2559
Willis, J. J. (n.d.). Policing and Law Enforcement. In Criminology Oxford Bibliographies. Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195396607/obo-9780195396607-0034.xml
Yumin, W. (2007). Forecasting the ‘Futures’ of the Evolving Police Operation: A Theoretical Note. Police Journal, 80(1), 79-90.
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