The Scientific Revolution was a big change throughout Europe; it changed the medieval views of the world. It started with medieval views as the framework, The Renaissance stimulating science, navigational problems needing new instruments, and scientific methodology. This seemed to be a big impact on the world. Religiously, this challenged some views from the Bible. In Philosophy, It started a new way of thinking, thus shows both were impacted by the Scientific Revolution.
.Nicolaus Copernicus wrote “On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres” which challenged the theory that earth was the center of the universe, that the sun was the center. This challenged Religion by challenging the Bible’s Book of Genesis. . Tycho Brahe, leading astronomer in 16th century, also studied the stars but accidently proved Copernicus’ theory. He did not accept the idea that the Sun was the center of the universe. This went against the church even thought he did it accidently. . Johannes Kepler, Brahe’s assistant, mathematically proved Copernican theory, and developed three laws of planetary motion: .Orbits of planets are not perfect ovals
.Planets do not move at uniformly speed in orbit
.The time it takes planets to orbit the sun is based on the distance from the sun (Closer it is, the faster) .Galileo also used the telescope as a scientific instrument which showed him the moon/planets are not perfectly round, and discovered Jupiter’s four moons. Went against the pope and ordered house arrest. Philosophy:
.Galileo developed the laws of motion:
.Acceleration experiment: Gravity is the universal force that produces uniform acceleration .All objects fall at the same rate, no matter how much it weighs. .Law of inertia: An object in motion stays in motion until it is stopped by an external force .Francis Bacon formalized empirical method used by Brahe and Galileo. He even made his own, the Inductive method, which was the backbone of the Scientific Method. .Rene...
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