Impact of Regionalism on Contemporary Issues: a Case Study of Indonesia

Best Essays
Impact of Regionalism on contemporary issues: A case study of Indonesia

Regionalism can be defined as, “the principle or system of dividing a city [or] state… into separate administrative regions” (Dictionary.com, 2011, pg.1). Suharto favoured the practice of a central system of administration over regionalism, as he would have total control over the social, economic, and political factors within Indonesia. To achieve this, he used his military power to take over East Timor in 1975, and declared it as the 27th state of Indonesia (Kiernan, 2003).

Similarly, Suharto used military forces to overcome any attempts at creating a separate administration. In 1976, Suharto authorised military forces to supress the rebellion in Aceh; The Free Aceh Movement’s goal of reaching independence went against Suharto’s ideal of a centralised administrative system (Ann, 2009). Furthermore, Suharto’s military forces were authorised to any means necessary in order to maintain this idealised system. To put this into perspective, it is estimated that a quarter of the population in East Timor died during the conflict which occurred between 1974 and 1999 (Kiernan, 2003). Despite its violent nature, Suharto was to some extent successful in maintaining a centralised control amidst various pressures from organisations such as the United Nations on his infringement of human rights (UNHCHR, 1997).

Global Integration

In order to develop Indonesia’s economy, Suharto wanted to integrate with global economic superpowers and also develop close economic ties with the South East Asian nations (Vatikiotis, 2003). Suharto has strong supported for the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, and sought to integrate Indonesia’s economy on a global basis. In 1994, the APEC members agreed to implement a free trade agreement among the Asian Pacific region by 2010 for industrialised economies such as Japan and Korea, and by 2020 for developing economies such as Indonesia (Bureau of Public



Bibliography: Ann. M. (2009). “Rebellion and Reform in Indonesia: Jakarta 's Security and Autonomy Policies in Aceh”. Routledge Publishing: London. Bureau of Public Affairs (2011) “Indonesia”. Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs .http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2748.htm. [Viewed 1st November 2011]. Ciambella, F. & Davidson, P. (1995) “Investment in Southeast Asia: policy and laws”. Red Academic Publishing Asia: Singapore. Dictionary.com (2011) “Regionalism”. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/regionalism. [Viewed 31st October 2011]. Frederick W & Worden, R. (1993) “Indonesia: a country study”. 5th Ed. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress: Washington. Hamish, M. (2008) “No end to ambition”. The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/no-end-to-ambition/2008/01/27/1201368944638.html. [Viewed 1st November 2011]. Kiernan, B. (2003) “The Demography of Genocide in South East Asia”. Critical Asian Studies, Vol.35: pp.585-597. McCawley T. (2008) "Economic Upside - and downside". AsiaTimes. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/JA28Ae02.html. [Viewed 1st November 2011]. National Encyclopaedia (2011) "Indonesia Poverty and wealth, Information about Poverty and wealth in Indonesia". www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Indonesia-POVERTY-AND-WEALTH.html#ixzz1FB50TL4X. [Viewed 30th October 2011]. Robert, E. (2001) “Suharto: A Political Biography”. The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge: U.K. Sheridan, G. (2008) "Farewell to Jarkata 's Man of Steel". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/farewell-to-jakartas-man-of-steel/story-e6frg6v6-1111115412423. [Viewed 30th October 2011]. Sungkar, Y. (2008) "Indonesia’s State Enterprises: from State Leadership to International Consensus". Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities. Vol.1:pp. 95-120. Suryadarma, D., Suryahadi, A., & Sumarto, S. (2007) “Reducing Unemployment in Indonesia: Results from a Growth-Employment Elasticity Model”. SMERU Research Institute: Jakarta. Tarling, N. (2002) “Suharto: Father of Development?”. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies. Volume 4(2):pp. 183-192. UNHCHR (1997) “Situation in East Timor”. United Nations High Commission on Human Rights. http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/81427c9bacaf9847c1256c6800603ff2?Opendocument. [Viewed 31st October 2011]. Vatikiotis, M. (2003) “Indonesian Politics under Suharto: The Rise and Fall of the New Order”. 3rd Ed. Routledge: New York.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Indonesia Case Study

    • 2739 Words
    • 11 Pages

    [INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CASE STUDY] QUESTION 1: What political factors explain Indonesia’s poor economic performance? What economic factors? Are the two related? The impeachment of the Indonesian dictator Suharto is widely considered one of the most exciting political happenings of recent years. After dealing with inflation and a bad economic depression during the final year of President Sukarno in the early 1960s, Indonesia experienced rapid and lasting economic growth for three decades…

    • 2739 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Indonesia case study

    • 659 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Indonesia Case Discussion Questions: 1. What political factors explain Indonesia’s poor economic performance? What economic factors? Are these two related? The major political factor affecting Indonesia’s poor economic performance is corruption. Indonesia was run by President Suharto for 30 years. Under his dictatorial rule corruption was rampant at all levels of government. While the country today is democratically run, the culture of corruption still pervades. Excessive bureaucracy coupled with…

    • 659 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Regionalism

    • 1684 Words
    • 7 Pages

    NAME: OBUBO ADORA PROGRAMME: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS MATRIC NO: 09AH09247 COURSE CODE: IRL 324 LECTURER: DR SHERIFF FOLARIN IN WHAT CONTEXT IS REGIONALISM THE APPROPRIATE FRAMEWORK IN POLITICAL ANALYSIS? Historically, most states have been concerned primarily with the capabilities and intentions of their neighbors. This consequently consolidates one of the most striking facts about modern global political system – it is strongly organized on regional basis. Taking into consideration the current…

    • 1684 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Contemporary Issues

    • 1127 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Contemporary Issues This paper will discuss a contemporary health issue and its potential impact on the nursing profession. As the nursing profession continues to grow, society has begun to see a decrease in the number of nurses in the profession. According to NursingWorld (2005) "The nation's hospitals have 126,000 vacancies for nursing professions. In addition, 75 percent of all hospitals vacancies are for nurses." Currently Registered Nurses are at the top of the list of occupations with…

    • 1127 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Contemporary Issues

    • 1730 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Contemporary Issues in Finance You are a research assistant to the Board of the FTSE100 listed company. Write a report for your Board of Directors outlining the current trends in seasoned equity issues. Explain what financing options (particularly seasoned equity issuance) the company has if it wishes to undertake the purchase of a rival. There have been changes in the last 20 years or so in the way British listed companies issued equity, and there was only one method which was used until…

    • 1730 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Regionalism

    • 2597 Words
    • 11 Pages

    REGIONALISM Ethnic Conflicts, Politics of Regionalism and the Demand for NAGALIM : Perspectives On the Politics Of Regional Accommodation & Autonomy Dr Biswajit Mohapatra North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong ABSTRACT In the post independence era India has been witnessing a varying growth of regionalism and struggles .Regionalism in such different forms has also been accompanied by different degrees of violence. It has sought to legitimize itself by putting forward its rationale as if asking…

    • 2597 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Regime-boosting regionalism Regime-boosting regionalism looks to reinforce the status, authenticity and the common interests of the political regime (as opposed to the country state fundamentally), both on the international scale and local. Numerous managing regimes and political leaders in Africa participate in typical and verbose meetings, whereby they laud the purposes of regionalism and local organizations, undersign to collaboration treaties and arrangements, and participate in 'summitry…

    • 825 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    science in Indonesia? In Indonesia, learning science is not that important. Science in Indonesia not much been improve by the government, especially for the scientist. Even though Indonesia has many students that join the international competition and win it, it because they have a good lecture and compatible facilities, but what happen to the children who study in different school do they have the same facilities or good lecture? They did not have it. So that makes children in Indonesia think that…

    • 927 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Contemporary issue

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages

    CONTEMPORARY ISSUE Week 2 WHY ATHLETES WILL POTENTIALLY TAKE DRUGS • To win • To catch up the winners • Feel under pressure • Increase performance levels • To qualify for weight categories • Fame • Beat records DRUGS AND BANNED SUBSTANCES • Categories of drugs: • Stimulants, anabolic steroids, diuretics, peptide hormones • Used to gain an unfair advantage over other performers • Using drugs is unethical DRUGS AND BANNED SUBSTANCES • Use of drugs of breaks the rules of the sport • Can affect…

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    WWF-Indonesia Case Study

    • 1214 Words
    • 5 Pages

    organization the world non-governmental bersifar that focuses on environmental issues and the aspects. The Organization was formerly named the World Wildlife Fund (still the official name in Canada). The Organization was founded on April 29, 1961 in Switzerland and started its activity in 1962. WWF was founded with the goal of protecting the natural ecosystem, species and genetic diversity. The another main objective of WWF-Indonesia is to stop and repair the environmental damage that occurs and build the…

    • 1214 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays