impact of media on youth

Topics: Value, Education, Teacher Pages: 6 (1299 words) Published: January 6, 2014
TRAINING OF THE TRAINERS
FOR EUROPEAN RASING
VALUES

INDEX

WHAT DO WE MEAN BY VALUES?.....................................................................3 VALUES ACCORDING TO SCHWARTZ………………………………………..3 IMPORTANCE OF VALUES IN HUMAN LIFE…………………………………4 WHAT IS VALUES EDUCATION?.........................................................................4 WHT DO WE NEED VALUES EDUCATION……………………………………5 VALUES EDUCATION IN PRESCHOOL………………………………………..5 FACTORS AFFECTING VALUES EDUCATION……………………………….5 EFFECTIVE EDUCATION METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN VALUES

EDUCATION ………………………………………………………………………..6 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CONTENT OF TRAINING MODULE………...6

2

WHAT DO WE MEAN BY VALUES?
Values can be defined as "temptation, form-fitting objectives, principles that guide people's lives, and have varying significance“
Values are the essence of our personality, and affect us to make decisions, trust people, and arrange our time and energy in our social life.
VALUES ACCORDING TO SCHWARTZ
Shalom H. Schwartz is social psychologist, cross-cultural researcher, author of Theory of basic human values (universal values as latent motivations and needs). Schwartz’s theory of basic human values discusses the nature of values and spells out the features that are common to all values and what distinguishes one value from another. The theory identifies ten basic personal values that are recognized across cultures and explains where they come from.

He identified ten 'value types' that gather multiple values into a single category. Power
This takes value from social status and prestige. The ability to control others is important and power will be actively sought through dominance of others and control over resources. Achievement
Value here comes from setting goals and then achieving them. The more challenge, the greater the sense of achievement. When others have achieved the same thing, status is reduced and greater goals are sought.

Hedonism
Hedonists simply enjoy themselves. They seek pleasure above all things and may, according to the view of others, sink into debauchery.
Stimulation
The need for stimulation is close to hedonism, though the goal is slightly different. Pleasure here comes more specifically from excitement and thrills and a person with this driver is more likely to be found doing extreme sports than propping up a bar. Self-direction

Those who seek self-direction enjoy being independent and outside the control of others. The prefer freedom and may have a particular creative or artistic bent, which they seek to indulge whenever possible.

Universalism
The Universalism seeks social justice and tolerance for all. They promote peace and equality and find war anathema except perhaps in pursuit of lasting peace. 3

Benevolence
Those who tend towards benevolence are very giving, seeking to help others and provide general welfare. They are the 'earth mothers' who nurture all. Tradition
The traditionalist respects that which has gone before, doing things simply because they are customary. They are conservatives in the original sense, seeking to preserve the world order as is. Any change makes them uncomfortable.

Conformity
The person who values conformity seeks obedience to clear rules and structures. They gain a sense of control through doing what they are told and conforming to agreed laws and statutes.
Security
Those who seek security seek health and safety to a greater degree than other people (perhaps because of childhood woes). Though they may worry about the potential of military force, they welcome the comfort that their existence brings.

THE IMPORTANCE AND THE PLACE OF VALUES IN HUMAN LIFE
Values are a cognitive structure that describes the ideals of life of individuals, their preferences, priorities, principles and the behavior of a cognitive. Values are the effective cultural elements which shape the elements around the point of view of individuals, members of a community that holds together.

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