World History AP
11 December 2014
The impact of Islam had many similarities and differences economically, socially, and culturally in the Middle East and in subSaharan West Africa. Islam improved the economy by trade and expanded education in both regions. However, the religion itself, it was practiced differently in the two regions.
Due to the impact of Islam, Islam played a big role in increasing the economy in both West Africa and the Middle East. The increase of trade was able to thrive because each region had reliable trade networks. The conversion to Islam in Africa was beneficial because it helped improve the relations between the Muslim merchants and the African merchants. This was also beneficial because goods, knowledge, as well as religion was traded in the trade routes of SubSaharan West Africa and the Middle East. However, both the Middle East and West Africa had different opinions of what they wanted to do with their thriving economies. The Middle East was experiencing urbanization, which was when people had started to move from rural areas to more urban areas. (i.e Cities.) In Africa, they wanted to transform their towns into cities to expand. Because of the boost in trade, these two regions were able to be become more knowledgeable about new goods as well as religion. They were also able to expand their trade routes by creating cities/towns.
Islam was practiced differently in West Africa than it was in the Middle East. Although both believed in Allah, the West Africans incorporated their beliefs and traditions into Islam. Even though there were Muslim kings in West Africa, they did not force their kingdom to convert to Islam. In the Middle East, if they weren’t Muslims, they were called Dhimmi. The rulers also did not force Islam onto dhimmi, however, a tax called the jizya, was created for these people to pay because they were not Muslim. ...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document