Topics: Organizational studies and human resource management, Job satisfaction, Management Pages: 10 (2584 words) Published: May 9, 2014


VOL 3, NO 10

The Impact of Employee Job Satisfaction on the Organizational Commitment: A Study of Faculty Members of Public Sector Universities of Pakistan *Dr. Syed Munir Ahmed Shah
Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration
Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur
**Mrs Samina Isran
Assistant Professor Department of Economics
Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur
***Mohammad SalihMemon
Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration
Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur
The organizations need to attain the commitment of their employees for the uplifting its efficiency and effectiveness. This research identifies the importance of employee job satisfaction for achieving organizational commitment of the faculty members in public sector universities of Pakistan. Employee job satisfaction questionnaire along with organizational commitment was used to gather the data for the study. Validity and reliability of questionnaire was determined before using it for data collection. The respondents involved in this study were university faculty members of two public sector universities namely Sindh University and Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur. The Statistical technique of Pearson correlations was applied to measure the relationship of employee job satisfaction with organizational commitment. The results showed positive and significant connection between aforementioned variables.


Impact ; Employee ; Job Satisfaction ; Organizational Commitment; Study ;

Faculty Members ; Public Sector Universities ; Pakistan

Kreis and Brockopp (1986) suggested that job satisfaction is related to self-perception of needs fulfillment through work. Moreover, Pennington and Riley (1991) contemplated a view of job satisfaction as an external or internal value. In their view, a person’s general assessment of how satisfied he/she is on the job is made according to an absolute frame of reference, while a person’s assessment of level of satisfaction with individual job facets is based on a relative standard that is specific to the work context and that involves comparison with the situation of other employees.

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VOL 3, NO 10

Weiss and Cropanzano (1996, as cited in Thoms, Dose, and Scott, 2002), contended that “job satisfaction represents a person’s evaluation of his or her job and work context.”

According to Buchanan (1974); commitment is “a partisan or affective attachment to the aims and values of an organization, to one’s role in relation with these aims and values and to an organization for its own sake”. According to the cost-benefit approach; commitment is “a result of the perception of benefit associated with staying in and the perception of cost associated with leaving from an organization” (Kanter, 1968). According to the normative approach; commitment is “the aggregate internalized normative pressures to conduct in a manner which meets organizational objectives and interests” (Wiener, 1982).

Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study aims at identifying the importance of employee job satisfaction in order to achieve the organizational commitment of the employees working in an organization. This research has specifically focused the faculty members of public sector universities in Pakistan.

Research Objectives
The basic objective of this study was to identify the impact of employee job satisfaction on the organizational commitment of faculty members of public sector universities of Pakistan. Moreover, the relationship of employee job satisfaction and organizational commitment was measured in this research article.

Literature Review

1. Employee Job Satisfaction

Morgeson &...

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